Acetic acid



a colorless, pungent, water-miscible liquid, C 2 H 4 O 2 , the essential constituent of vinegar, produced by oxidation of acetaldehyde, bacterial action on ethyl alcohol, the reaction of methyl alcohol with carbon monoxide, and other processes: used chiefly in the manufacture of acetate fibers and in the production of numerous esters that are solvents and flavoring agents.
Historical Examples

A pleasant effect of acetic acid is that it softens and lubricates the skin.
Scientific American Supplement, No. 711, August 17, 1889 Various

This blue is distinguished from smalt by dissolving in acetic acid.
Field’s Chromatography George Field

There are weak acids such as acetic acid, and strong acids like sulphuric acid.
The Mechanism of Life Stphane Leduc

Rub with acetic acid (see) behind the ears, but not so as to cause soreness.
Papers on Health John Kirk

Then follows the fermentation to produce the acetic acid and finish the vinegar.
Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916 Various

acetic acid never does this, and so heals more quickly and certainly.
Papers on Health John Kirk

Like the benzoic acid the acetic acid is, no doubt, present in cananga oil in the form of ether.
Scientific American Supplement, No. 288 Various

It was, however, quite possible to reach the sore by the injection of acetic acid.
Papers on Health John Kirk

In the following table180 are given the molar conductivities, (column 2), of acetic acid of varying concentrations, m (column 1).
The Elements of Qualitative Chemical Analysis, vol. 1, parts 1 and 2. Julius Stieglitz

It is soluble in ammonia and hydrochloric acid, but not in acetic acid.
A Manual of Clinical Diagnosis James Campbell Todd

noun
a colourless pungent liquid, miscible with water, widely used in the manufacture of acetic anhydride, vinyl acetate, plastics, pharmaceuticals, dyes, etc. Formula: CH3COOH Systematic name ethanoic acid See also glacial acetic acid, vinegar

acetic acid a·ce·tic acid (ə-sē’tĭk)
n.
A clear, colorless organic acid with a distinctive pungent odor, the chief acid of vinegar, also used as a solvent. Also called ethanoic acid.
acetic acid
A clear, colorless organic acid having a distinctive pungent odor. It is used as a solvent and in the manufacture of rubber, plastics, acetate fibers, pharmaceuticals, and photographic chemicals. Acetic acid is the chief acid of vinegar. Chemical formula: C2H4O2.

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  • Acetic anhydride

    a colorless, pungent liquid, C 4 H 6 O 3 , the anhydride of acetic acid: used chiefly as a reagent and in the production of plastics, film, and fabrics derived from cellulose. Historical Examples It may be synthesized from resorcin and malic anhydride or from β resorcyl aldehyde, acetic anhydride and sodium acetate. Encyclopaedia […]

  • Acetic ether

    . a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid, C 4 H 8 O 2 , having a fragrant, fruitlike odor: used chiefly as a scent in the manufacture of perfumes, flavorings, and confections, and as a solvent for paints, varnishes, and lacquers. Historical Examples Acetate of oxide of ethyl, acetic ether, Pyroligneous ether; ther aceticus, L. Cooley’s […]



  • Acetimeter

    . Historical Examples It is also common to speak of the degrees of the acetimeter as proof or over-proof. Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley Every division of the acetimeter (corresponding to ten fluid grains), so emptied, indicates 01 per […]

  • Acetin

    a colorless, thick, hygroscopic liquid, C 5 H 10 O 4 : used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives. Historical Examples Determine the acetin value of the residue at in terms of glycerol. Soap-Making Manual E. G. Thomssen The glycerine may also be determined by the acetin or bichromate methods after driving off the alcohol […]



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