Agnomen



an additional, fourth name given to a person by the ancient Romans in allusion to some achievement or other circumstance, as “Africanus” in “Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus.”.
Compare (def 3).
a nickname.
Historical Examples

Sometimes there was also a fourth name, called the agnomen, added from some illustrious action, or remarkable event.
Roman Antiquities, and Ancient Mythology Charles K. Dillaway

Most Latin authors have three names—the prenomen, which answers to our Christian name; the nomen, or family name; and the agnomen.
How to Catalogue a Library Henry B. (Henry Benjamin) Wheatley

It was this slight connection with ‘the trade’ which gained for Cromwell the agnomen of ‘the brewer.’
Nineteen Centuries of Drink in England Richard Valpy French

Latin authors to be registered under their nomens, except in those cases where the agnomen has been popularly adopted.
How to Catalogue a Library Henry B. (Henry Benjamin) Wheatley

I was a little anxious to know whether her ladyship would honour me with an agnomen.
Tales And Novels, Volume 4 (of 10) Maria Edgeworth

To counteract the confusion that would inevitably arise, an agnomen or “tee-name” is usually appended.
Literary Tours in The Highlands and Islands of Scotland Daniel Turner Holmes

He obtained the agnomen of Numidicus for his services in the Jugurthine war.
Plutarch’s Lives, Volume II Aubrey Stewart & George Long

noun (pl) -nomina (-ˈnɒmɪnə)
the fourth name or second cognomen occasionally acquired by an ancient Roman See also cognomen, nomen, praenomen
another word for nickname

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