Pathology. a quantitative deficiency of the hemoglobin, often accompanied by a reduced number of red blood cells and causing pallor, weakness, and breathlessness.
a lack of power, vigor, vitality, or colorfulness:
His writing suffers from anemia.
Contemporary Examples

MDS is a relatively rare condition that can lead to a depletion of red or white blood cells, anemia, heavy bleeding.
How Robin Roberts’ Breast Cancer Treatment Could Cause More Cancer Casey Schwartz June 11, 2012

But no one could figure out the cause of her anemia until someone asked her more carefully about her diet.
You Probably Shouldn’t Try to Lose 20 Pounds by Eating Clay Kent Sepkowitz June 23, 2014

Its relationship to anemia, however, is more complex than the cause-and-effect sequence I learned in medical school.
You Probably Shouldn’t Try to Lose 20 Pounds by Eating Clay Kent Sepkowitz June 23, 2014

In 2008, she died with a brain full of tumors that her family now believes was related to the anemia drug regimen.
Medicare’s Blood Drugs Eve Conant November 7, 2011

Historical Examples

The hæmorrhages from anemia are, on the other hand, so frequent, as to explain the majority of such cases as Dr. Clarke’s.
The Education of American Girls Anna Callender Brackett

Malnutrition or anemia are also conditions which greatly disturb sleep.
The Mother and Her Child William S. Sadler

Indicated in anemia and convalescence from acute diseases and surgical operations.
The Propaganda for Reform in Proprietary Medicines, Vol. 1 of 2 Various

He seems to regard Atheism as a city malady, like rickets and anemia.
Flowers of Freethought George W. Foote

Her education and work, or rather method of work, had wrought out for her anemia and epileptiform attacks.
Sex in Education Edward H. Clarke

That’s the third time this year, so she must really have anemia.
A Young Girl’s Diary An Anonymous Young Girl

the usual US spelling of anaemia

alternative (chiefly U.S.) spelling of anaemia (q.v.). See ae. As a genus of plants, Modern Latin, from Greek aneimon “unclad,” from privative prefix an- (see an- (1)) + eima “a dress, garment” (see wear (v.)).

anemia a·ne·mi·a (ə-nē’mē-ə)
A pathological deficiency in the oxygen-carrying component of the blood, measured in unit volume concentrations of hemoglobin, red blood cell volume, or red blood cell number.
a·ne’mic (-mĭk) adj.
A deficiency in the oxygen-carrying component of the blood, as in the amount of hemoglobin or the number or volume of red blood cells. Iron deficiency, often caused by inadequate dietary consumption of iron, and blood loss are common causes of anemia. See also aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia.and sickle cell anemia.

anemic adjective
anemia [(uh-nee-mee-uh)]

A condition in which the capacity of the blood to carry oxygen is decreased because of too few red blood cells in circulation or because of too little hemoglobin.

Note: Because people suffering from anemia often appear weak and pale, the term is frequently used to describe general apathy or weakness: “The team’s performance has been pretty anemic these past few weeks.”


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