a member of the more radical majority of the Social Democratic Party, 1903–17, advocating immediate and forceful seizure of power by the proletariat.
(after 1918) a member of the Russian Communist Party.
(loosely) a member of any Communist party.
(often lowercase) Disparaging. a contemptuous term used to refer to an extreme radical or revolutionary.
noun (pl) -viks, -viki (-ˈviːkɪ)
(formerly) a Russian Communist Compare Menshevik
(often not capital) (jocular, derogatory) any political radical, esp a revolutionary
1917, from Russian bol’shiy “greater,” comparative of adjective bol’shoy “big, great” (cf. Bolshoi Ballet), from Old Church Slavonic boljiji “larger,” from PIE root *bel- “strong” (cf. Sanskrit balam “strength, force,” Greek beltion “better,” Phrygian balaios “big, fast,” Old Irish odbal “strong,” Welsh balch “proud;” Middle Dutch, Low German, Frisian pal “strong, firm”).
It was the faction of the Russian Social Democratic Worker’s Party after a split in 1903 that was either larger or more extreme (or both) than the Mensheviks (from Russian men’shij “less”); after they seized power in 1917, applied generally to Russian communists. Bolshevism is recorded from 1917.
- Anti bolshevism
the doctrines, methods, or procedure of the . (sometimes lowercase) the principles or practices of ultraradical socialists or political ultraradicals generally.
of or relating to Great Britain or its inhabitants. used especially by natives or inhabitants of Great Britain: In this dictionary, “Brit.” is an abbreviation for “British usage.”. the people native to or inhabiting Great Britain. . the Celtic language of the ancient Britons. Contemporary Examples British photographer Cecil Beaton was the Richard Avedon or […]
designed to detect and alert a person to the use of a secret listening device: to install antibugging equipment. designed to prevent or counteract the use of a secret listening device.
of, relating to, or characteristic of a or a ; arbitrary and routine. Contemporary Examples For a journalist, trying to piece together the life of a Guantanamo detainee involves staring into the bureaucratic unknown. The Faces of Guantánamo Molly Crabapple September 2, 2013 As I fought for services, I felt I was dealing with bureaucratic […]