an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, especially as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth.
Also called free enterprise, private enterprise. an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange, characterized by the freedom of capitalists to operate or manage their property for profit in competitive conditions Compare socialism (sense 1)
1854, “condition of having capital;” from capital (n.1) + -ism. Meaning “political/economic system which encourages capitalists” is recorded from 1872.
An economic and political system characterized by a free market for goods and services and private control of production and consumption. (Compare socialism and communism.)
any substance or agent that tends to produce a cancer. noun (pathol) any substance that produces cancer n. “cancer-causing substance,” 1853, from carcinoma + -gen. carcinogen car·cin·o·gen (kär-sĭn’ə-jən, kär’sə-nə-jěn’) n. A cancer-causing substance or agent. car’cin·o·gen’ic (kär’sə-nə-jěn’ĭk) adj. carcinogen (kär-sĭn’ə-jən) A substance or agent that can cause cells to become cancerous by altering their genetic […]
Sociology. an endogamous and hereditary social group limited to persons of the same rank, occupation, economic position, etc., and having mores distinguishing it from other such groups. any rigid system of social distinctions. Hinduism. any of the social divisions into which Hindu society is traditionally divided, each caste having its own privileges and limitations, transferred […]
of or relating to a Catholic church, especially the Roman Catholic Church. Theology. (among Roman Catholics) claiming to possess exclusively the notes or characteristics of the one, only, true, and universal church having unity, visibility, indefectibility, apostolic succession, universality, and sanctity: used in this sense, with these qualifications, only by the Church of Rome, as […]
the act or practice of . the office or power of a . the time during which a censor holds office. the inhibiting and distorting activity of the Freudian censor. noun a policy or programme of censoring the act or system of censoring (psychoanal) the activity of the mind in regulating impulses, etc, from the […]