the fruit of certain lichens and fungi: usually an open, saucer-shaped or cup-shaped body, the inner surface of which is covered with a layer that bears asci.
Historical Examples

Nylander called the apothecium pale within, but forms with red-brown hypothecia are admitted by later writers.
Ohio Biological Survey, Bull. 10, Vol. 11, No. 6 Bruce Fink and Leafy J. Corrington

Cyclocarpineae, apothecium usually circular, no capillitium.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 16, Slice 5 Various

Piece of thallus of Parmelia conspersa, with section through an apothecium.
The Elements of Botany Asa Gray

In the Helvellaceae there is no apothecium but a large irregular fruit body which at maturity bears the asci on its surface.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 3 Various

The cup, or shield-shaped spot, or knob, which bears the fructification is named the apothecium.
The Elements of Botany Asa Gray

noun (pl) -cia (-sɪə)
(botany) a cup-shaped structure that contains the asci, esp in lichens; a type of ascocarp
(āp’ə-thē’sē-əm, -shē-)
Plural apothecia (āp’ə-thē’sē-ə, -shē-)
A disk-shaped or cup-shaped ascocarp of some lichens and the fungi Ascomycetes.


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