plural of (def 5).
a bound collection of maps.
a bound volume of charts, plates, or tables illustrating any subject.
Anatomy. the first cervical vertebra, which supports the head.
a size of drawing or writing paper, 26 × 34 or 33 inches.
Also called telamon. Architecture. a sculptural figure of a man used as a column.
Historical Examples

In a moment there was a sound as if all the rocks on the earth were rent, the castle vanished into the air, and with it atlantes.
The Red Romance Book Various

One of these compartments, known as an atlantes, is shown in the annexed woodcut.
History of Sanitation John Joseph Cosgrove

I am that atlantes who watched over him in childhood, and as he grew to manhood he was ever the first in all deeds of chivalry.
The Red Romance Book Various

Roger was lying on a bed of soft moss, when atlantes, for so he took her to be, stood before him.
The Red Romance Book Various

atlantes, figures of men used in architecture instead of pillars.
The Nuttall Encyclopaedia Edited by Rev. James Wood

Then atlantes broke the spell and disappeared, together with the castle, and the prisoners trooped forth, Rogero among them.
National Epics Kate Milner Rabb

Can you tell me, Constable, whether there are any more—er—atlantes to come up to-night?
Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 107, December 15th, 1894 Various

Astolpho, hastening after him, entered the enchanted castle of atlantes, and soon recognized it as a house of magic.
National Epics Kate Milner Rabb

This country was called Mauritania; and was supposed to have been possessed by the atlantes and Gorgons.
A New System; or, an Analysis of Antient Mythology. Volume II. (of VI.) Jacob Bryant

atlantes rescued her, and took her children when she died; but Marphisa was stolen from him by a band of Arabs.
National Epics Kate Milner Rabb

the plural of atlas (sense 4)
a collection of maps, usually in book form
a book of charts, graphs, etc, illustrating aspects of a subject: an anatomical atlas
(anatomy) the first cervical vertebra, attached to and supporting the skull in man Compare axis1
(architect) (pl) atlantes another name for telamon
a standard size of drawing paper, 26 × 17 inches
(Greek myth) a Titan compelled to support the sky on his shoulders as punishment for rebelling against Zeus
a US intercontinental ballistic missile, also used in launching spacecraft
(astronomy) a small satellite of Saturn, discovered in 1980

1580s, Titan, son of Iapetus and Clymene, supposed to uphold the pillars of heaven, which was his punishment for being the war leader of the Titans in the struggle with the Olympian gods. The name in Greek perhaps means “The Bearer (of the Heavens),” from a-, copulative prefix, + stem of tlenai “to bear,” from PIE root *tele- “to lift, support, weigh.” Mount Atlas, in Mauritania, was important in Greek cosmology as a support of the heavens.

“collection of maps in a volume,” 1636, first in reference to the English translation of “Atlas, sive cosmographicae meditationes de fabrica mundi” (1585) by Flemish geographer Gerhardus Mercator (1512-1594), who might have been the first to use this word in this way. A picture of the Titan Atlas holding up the world appeared on the frontispiece of this and other early map collections.

atlas at·las (āt’ləs)
The top or first cervical vertebra of the neck, supporting the skull and articulating with the occipital bone and rotating around the dens of the axis.

In classical mythology, a Titan famous for his strength. After the defeat of the Titans by Zeus, Atlas was condemned to support the Earth and sky on his shoulders for eternity.

Note: Since the sixteenth century, pictures of Atlas and his burden have been used as decorations on maps. Accordingly, the word atlas is used for a book of maps.

Note: An “Atlas” or “atlas” is an incredibly strong person or one who carries an enormous burden.

A bound collection of maps. Atlases are named after the Greek god Atlas.
[National Aeronautics and Space Administration] Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science


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