a bar, fixed crosswise under an animal-drawn vehicle, with a rounded spindle at each end upon which a wheel rotates.
Historical Examples

Now, yesterday I broke my axletree, and I go and hew out a new one of green wood.
A Russian Proprietor Lyof N. Tolstoi

These bars strengthened the axletree and resisted wear at the spindle.
Artillery Through the Ages Albert Manucy

Yen translated rapidly, scurrying along behind his sentences like a carriage dog beneath an axletree.
Mortmain Arthur Cheny Train

These wheels are coupled together by an axletree, into which a tongue is inserted.
What I Saw in California Edwin Bryant

Owing to the irregularities of the surface the axletree of one of our carts gave way this day.
Voyage Of H.M.S. Rattlesnake, Vol. 2 (of 2) John MacGillivray

The wheels were attached to an axletree, about which they revolved, in the usual manner.
The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 2. (of 7): Assyria George Rawlinson

The white pirogue was hidden in a copse and its mast was taken for an axletree.
The Conquest Eva Emery Dye

The body was placed directly upon the axletree and upon the pole, without the intervention of any springs.
The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 2. (of 7): Assyria George Rawlinson

In crossing a small ravine, an axletree of one of the wagons was broken.
Early Western Travels 1748-1846, Volume XXX Joel Palmer

Barely a mile had they traversed, before an ominous crack proclaimed the splitting of an axletree.
A Friend of Caesar William Stearns Davis

a bar fixed across the underpart of a wagon or carriage that has rounded ends on which the wheels revolve


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