Axone



Cell Biology. the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body.
Historical Examples

In the dog, an animal with high olfactory sense, the axone of each olfactory neurone is connected with five or six mitral cells.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4 Various

From the base often near its middle arises one large fibre—the axone fibre, which conducts impulses away from the perikaryon.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4 Various

In some few cells the axone breaks up into branches in the immediate neighbourhood of its own perikaryon in the cortex.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4 Various

In most cases, however, the axone runs off into the subjacent white matter, leaving the cortex altogether.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4 Various

noun
the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell body Compare dendrite
n.

“axis of the vertebrate body,” 1842, from Greek axon “axis” (see axis).

axon ax·on (āk’sŏn’) or ax·one (-sōn’)
n.
The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell.
ax’on·al (āk’sə-nəl, āk-sŏn’əl) adj.
axon
(āk’sŏn’)
The long portion of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber.

The part of a nerve cell or neuron that transfers a nerve impulse from the nerve cell body to a synapse with another cell. (See action potential.) Depending on the location of the cell, the length of an axon can vary widely. In some cases (such as the axons that form the spinal cord), they may be several feet long.

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  • Axoneme

    the shaft within a flagellum or cilium, containing twenty microtubules arranged as nine doublets and two singlets. axoneme ax·o·neme (āk’sə-nēm’) n. The axial thread of a chromosome. See axial filament.

  • Axonography

    axonography axonography ax·o·nog·ra·phy (āk’sə-nŏg’rə-fē) n. A procedure for recording electrical changes in axons.



  • Axonometer

    axonometer axonometer ax·o·nom·e·ter (āk’sə-nŏm’ĭ-tər) n. See axometer.

  • Axonometric drawing

    designating a method of projection (axonometric projection) in which a three-dimensional object is represented by a drawing (axonometric drawing) having all axes drawn to exact scale, resulting in the optical distortion of diagonals and curves. Compare cabinet (def 19), isometric (def 5), oblique (def 13). adj. 1869, from axonometry (1865), from Greek axon (see axis) […]



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