an ancient country in W Asia, between the Oxus River and the Hindu Kush Mountains.
Capital: Bactra.
Historical Examples

THE bactrian camel may be at once known by the two humps upon its back, which give the animal a most singular appearance.
Happy Days for Boys and Girls Various

First, then, of the bactrian camel—that is, the species with two humps.
Quadrupeds, What They Are and Where Found Mayne Reid

The bactrian or two-humped camel, though known to the ancient Assyrians, is not now found in the country.
The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 2. (of 7): Assyria George Rawlinson

I have not yet mentioned the bactrian camels which are used in thousands for Russian transport.
In the Russian Ranks John Morse

Darius is seized and laden with chains by Bessus, a bactrian satrap who soon after slays him.
The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol. 2 Various

The Arabian camel is notable for his sure tread, but the bactrian species is still more remarkable in this respect.
Happy Days for Boys and Girls Various

Roxane and Roxanace are both formed from the old bactrian raokshna.
The History of Antiquity Max Duncker

The very worst time for the bactrian camel is the beginning and end of winter, when frost and thaw occur alternately.
Happy Days for Boys and Girls Various

The bactrian camel, at least the Mongol variety, is peculiarly adapted for cold climates.
The Siberian Overland Route from Peking to Petersburg, Alexander Michie

Buddhism was the prevailing religion, but there were traces of an earlier worship, the bactrian fire-worship.
Chips From A German Workshop – Volume I Friedrich Max Mller

of or relating to Bactria
a native or inhabitant of Bactria
an ancient country of SW Asia, between the Hindu Kush mountains and the Oxus River: forms the present Balkh region in N Afghanistan

“inhabitant of Bactria,” late 14c.; as a type of camel, c.1600, from Latin Bactria, ancient region in what is now northwestern Afghanistan, literally “the western province,” from Persian bakhtar “the west.”


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