a medieval fortified town, planned as a whole and built at one time, especially in southern France, for strategic or commercial purposes.
a small country house in southern France.
Historical Examples

The technical name for the small forts which the English gradually erected round Orleans is bastide.
Battles of English History H. B. (Hereford Brooke) George

Who would have thought that it was bastide who should eventually induce the Assembly to make up its mind?
The Recollections of Alexis de Tocqueville Alexis De Tocqueville

But as he was then a détenu at Clairvaux, bastide and Littré filled the editorial chair during the interregnum.
The International Monthly, Volume 3, No. 2, May, 1851 Various

Each gate of the new wall was defended by a kind of fortress called a bastide or Bastille.
The Story of Paris Thomas Okey

I am leaving this place in an hour, to occupy a country-house (bastide) about a mile away.
Napoleon’s Letters to Josephine Henry Foljambe Hall

bastide makes a more honest attempt to support his own statement that Talleyrand gained thirty millions during three years.
Talleyrand Joseph McCabe

A single house outside the walls of a town was also called a bastide.
Cathedral Cities of France Herbert Marshall

(p. 244) bastide, one of the staff, became Minister for Foreign Affairs.
An Englishman in Paris Albert D. (Albert Dresden) Vandam

The name Castelsarrasin appears in the 13th century, when the village of Villelongue was replaced by the present bastide.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4 Various

His farm or bastide was subjected to the same minuteness of seizure.
A History of The Inquisition of The Middle Ages; volume II Henry Charles Lea


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  • Bastille

    (initial capital letter) a fortress in Paris, used as a prison, built in the 14th century and destroyed July 14, 1789. any prison or jail, especially one conducted in a tyrannical way. a fortified tower, as of a castle; a small fortress; citadel. Contemporary Examples The bloody effervescence of the bastille gave way to Robespierre […]

  • Bastille day

    July 14, a national holiday of the French republic, commemorating the fall of the Bastille in 1789. noun (in France) an annual holiday on July 14, commemorating the fall of the Bastille

  • Bastille house

    bastel house. (on the Anglo-Scottish border) a partly fortified house, usually with a vaulted ground floor.

  • Bastinade

    bastinado. Historical Examples This Jacob had been condemned to the bastinade, or knout, by Schein, the Russian general. The History of Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia Voltaire

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