a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which benzene, benzoic acid, or one or more of the phenyl groups is present:
indicating a benzene ring fused to another ring in a polycyclic compound: benzofuran
indicating derivation from benzene or benzoic acid or the presence of phenyl groups: benzophenone
a salt or ester of benzoic acid. Historical Examples All About Coffee William H. Ukers Miss Billy Married Eleanor H. Porter Food Poisoning Edwin Oakes Jordan The Art of Perfumery G. W. Septimus Piesse The Propaganda for Reform in Proprietary Medicines, Vol. 1 of 2 Various The Propaganda for Reform in Proprietary Medicines, Vol. 1 […]
- Benzoate of soda
sodium benzoate. a white, crystalline or granular, water-soluble powder, C 7 H 5 NaO 2 , used chiefly as a food preservative and antifungal agent, and in diagnostic tests of liver function. noun another name for sodium benzoate noun a white crystalline soluble compound used as an antibacterial and antifungal agent in preserving food (E211), […]
ethyl aminobenzoate; a white, crystalline powder, C 9 H 11 NO 2 , used as a local anesthetic, usually in ointment form. Historical Examples The Propaganda for Reform in Proprietary Medicines, Vol. 2 of 2 Various noun a white crystalline ester used as a local anaesthetic; ethyl para-aminobenzoate. Formula: C9H11NO2
any of a family of minor tranquilizers that act against anxiety and convulsions and produce sedation and muscle relaxation. noun any of a group of chemical compounds that are used as minor tranquillizers, such as diazepam (Valium) and chlordiazepoxide (Librium) n.