Benzoic acid



a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C 7 H 6 O 2 , usually derived from benzoin or other balsams, or synthesized from phthalic acid or toluene: used chiefly as a preservative, in the synthesis of dyes, and in medicine as a germicide.
Historical Examples

Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley
Cooley’s Practical Receipts, Volume II Arnold Cooley
Scientific American Supplement, No. 288 Various
Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley
The Art of Perfumery G. W. Septimus Piesse
The Chemistry of Plant Life Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6 Various
Coal Raphael Meldola
The Art of Perfumery G. W. Septimus Piesse
Cooley’s Practical Receipts, Volume II Arnold Cooley

noun
a white crystalline solid occurring in many natural resins, used in the manufacture of benzoates, plasticizers, and dyes and as a food preservative (E210). Formula: C6H5COOH Systematic name benzenecarboxylic acid
benzoic acid
(běn-zō’ĭk)
A white, crystalline acid used in preserving food, as a cosmetic, and in medicine. Benzoic acid consists of a benzene ring with a carboxyl group (COOH) attached. It occurs naturally in some plants. Chemical formula: C7H6O2.

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  • Benzoic aldehyde

    benzaldehyde. a colorless or yellowish, water-soluble, volatile oil, C 7 H 6 O, having a bitter, almondlike odor, used chiefly in the organic synthesis of dyes, perfumes, and flavors, and as a solvent; artificial oil of bitter almond. Historical Examples Coal Raphael Meldola Scientific American Supplement, No. 620, November 19,1887 Various noun a yellowish fragrant […]

  • Benzoin

    Also called gum benjamin, gum benzoin. a reddish-brown, aromatic balsamic resin occurring in almondlike fragments and having a vanillalike odor, obtained from trees of the genus Styrax, especially S. benzoin, of Java, Sumatra, etc.: used in the manufacture of perfume and cosmetics and in medicine internally as an expectorant and externally as an antiseptic. Also […]



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    (no longer in technical use) benzene. Historical Examples Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 16, Slice 6 Various Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley Fragments of science, V. 1-2 John Tyndall The Preservation of Antiquities Friedrich Rathgen Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical […]

  • Benzonatate

    a nonnarcotic substance, C 30 H 53 NO 11 , used as a cough suppressant.



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