Benzoin



Also called gum benjamin, gum benzoin. a reddish-brown, aromatic balsamic resin occurring in almondlike fragments and having a vanillalike odor, obtained from trees of the genus Styrax, especially S. benzoin, of Java, Sumatra, etc.: used in the manufacture of perfume and cosmetics and in medicine internally as an expectorant and externally as an antiseptic.
Also called benjamin, benjamin-bush. any plant belonging to the genus Lindera (Benzoin), of the laurel family, including the spicebush and similar aromatic plants.
a white, slightly water-soluble powder, C 14 H 12 O 2 , derived by the condensation of benzaldehyde in the presence of potassium cyanide, and used in organic synthesis.
Historical Examples

Endless Amusement Unknown
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 3 Various
The Art of Perfumery G. W. Septimus Piesse
Birds and Nature Vol. 9 No. 1 [January 1901] Various
Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley
A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama 1497-1499 Unknown
The Art of Perfumery G. W. Septimus Piesse
Forty Years in the Wilderness of Pills and Powders William A. Alcott
A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume VII Robert Kerr
The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, Volume 29 of 55 Various

noun
Also called benjamin. a gum resin containing benzoic acid, obtained from various trees of the genus Styrax, esp S. benzoin of Java and Sumatra, and used in ointments, perfume, etc
a white or yellowish crystalline compound with a camphor-like odour used as an antiseptic and flavouring; 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetophenone. Formula: C6H5CHOHCOC6H5
any lauraceous aromatic shrub or tree of the genus Lindera, esp L. benzoin (spicebush)
n.
benzoin
(běn’zō-ĭn, -zoin’)

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