Bessemer process



a process of producing steel, in which impurities are removed by forcing a blast of air through molten iron.
Historical Examples

Tillie Roger Phillips Graham
Diggers in the Earth Eva March Tappan
Scientific American Supplement, No. 514, November 7, 1885 Various
The Unpopular Review Vol. I Various
Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie
An Elementary Study of Chemistry William McPherson
Diggers in the Earth Eva March Tappan
Inventions in the Century William Henry Doolittle
Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie
Commercial Geography Jacques W. Redway

noun
(formerly) a process for producing steel by blowing air through molten pig iron at about 1250°C in a Bessemer converter: silicon, manganese, and phosphorus impurities are removed and the carbon content is controlled
a similar process for removing sulphur and iron from copper matte
Bessemer process
(běs’ə-mər)
A method for making steel by forcing compressed air through molten iron to burn out carbon and other impurities.

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