a plant, Stachys (formerly Betonica) officinalis, of the mint family, having hairy leaves and dense spikes of purple flowers, formerly used in medicine and dyeing.
any of various similar plants, especially of the genus Pedicularis.
Historical Examples

If she be of full habit of body open a vein, after preparing her with syrup of betony, calamint, hyssop and feverfew.
The Works of Aristotle the Famous Philosopher Anonymous

If it is caused by the brain, take syrup of betony and marjoram.
The Works of Aristotle the Famous Philosopher Anonymous

Upon the table lay a pipe filled with betony and colt’s-foot, a roll of wax-candle, a silver spitting-pot, and a Seville orange.
Isaac Bickerstaff Richard Steele

With the exception of vervain, no herb was more highly prized than betony.
The Old English Herbals Eleanour Sinclair Rohde

Make injections of a decoction of origane mugwort, dog’s mercury, betony, and eggs; inject into the womb with a female syringe.
The Works of Aristotle the Famous Philosopher Anonymous

The seeds of Rue and the leaves of betony boyled together in white wine.
The Doctor in History, Literature, Folk-Lore, Etc. Various

Let it stand to cool, beat up three ounces of syrup of betony with a large spoonful of ale yeast, and put it into the liquor.
The Cook and Housekeeper’s Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches, Mary Eaton

Hellebore, betony, Honesty, and Rue are antidotes against madness.
Plant Lore, Legends, and Lyrics Richard Folkard

betony is a herb belonging to the mint family, and its root was formerly employed in medicine as an emetic or purgative.
All About Coffee William H. Ukers

First came a liquor made with betony, “for the sake of those who could not accustom themselves to the bitter taste of coffee.”
All About Coffee William H. Ukers

noun (pl) -nies
a Eurasian plant, Stachys (or Betonica) officinalis, with a spike of reddish-purple flowers, formerly used in medicine and dyeing: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
any of several related plants of the genus Stachys
wood betony, a North American scrophulariaceous plant, Pedicularis canadensis See also lousewort


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