a prefix meaning “down,” “against,” “back,” occurring originally in loanwords from Greek (cataclysm; catalog; catalepsy); on this model, used in the formation of other compound words (catagenesis; cataphyll).
down; downwards; lower in position: catadromous, cataphyll
indicating reversal, opposition, degeneration, etc: cataplasia, catatonia
word-forming element from Latinized form of Greek kata-, before vowels kat-, from kata “down from, down to.” Its principal sense is “down,” but occasionally it has senses of “against” (catapult)or “wrongly” (catachresis). Also sometimes used as an intensive or with a sense of completion of action (catalogue). Very active in ancient Greek, this prefix is found in English mostly in words borrowed through Latin after c.1500.
Reverse; backward; degenerative: cataplasia.
verb to care for a cat while its owner is away Usage Note cat-sitter, n; cat-sitting, n Contemporary Examples Never mind the fact that someone asked Karl Lagerfeld to cat-sit. 7 Facts to Know About Karl Lagerfeld’s Siamese Cat, Choupette Isabel Wilkinson June 6, 2012
a person who is opposed to baptism.
catabiotic catabiotic cat·a·bi·ot·ic (kāt’ə-bī-ŏt’ĭk) adj. Relating to the dissipation or using up of energy derived from food in the performance of bodily functions.
destructive metabolism; the breaking down in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones, with the release of energy (opposed to anabolism). noun a metabolic process in which complex molecules are broken down into simple ones with the release of energy; destructive metabolism Compare anabolism adj. 1876; see catabolism + -ic. n. 1876, katabolism, […]