the rapid formation and collapse of vapor pockets in a flowing liquid in regions of very low pressure, a frequent cause of structural damage to propellers, pumps, etc.
such a pocket formed in a flowing liquid.
the formation of vapour- or gas-filled cavities in a flowing liquid when tensile stress is superimposed on the ambient pressure
the formation of cavities in a structure
“formation of bubbles in fluid,” 1895, from cavity + -ation. Earlier as a medical term (1868).
cavitation cav·i·ta·tion (kāv’ĭ-tā’shən)
The formation of cavities in a body tissue or an organ, especially those cavities that form in the lung as a result of tuberculosis.
The formation of bubblelike gaps in a liquid. Mechanical forces, such as the moving blades of a ship’s propeller or sudden negative changes in pressure, can cause cavitation.
a seaport on W central Luzon, in the N Philippines, on Manila Bay: naval base. Historical Examples noun a port in the N Philippines, in S Luzon on Manila Bay: a former US naval base. Pop: 109 000 (2005 est)
any hollow place; hollow. Anatomy. a hollow space within the body, an organ, a bone, etc. a hollow space or a pit in a tooth, most commonly produced by caries. A cavity may be artificially made to support dental restorations. Contemporary Examples Historical Examples noun (pl) -ties a hollow space; hole (dentistry) a soft decayed […]
hollowed out, as a space excavated from rock: cavate cliff dwellings. Historical Examples
a county in Ulster, in the N Republic of Ireland. 730 sq. mi. (1890 sq. km). the seat of this county. Historical Examples noun a county of N Republic of Ireland: hilly, with many small lakes and bogs. County town: Cavan. Pop: 56 546 (2002). Area: 1890 sq km (730 sq miles) a market town […]