an official who examines books, plays, news reports, motion pictures, radio and television programs, letters, cablegrams, etc., for the purpose of suppressing parts deemed objectionable on moral, political, military, or other grounds.
any person who supervises the manners or morality of others.
an adverse critic; faultfinder.
(in the ancient Roman republic) either of two officials who kept the register or census of the citizens, awarded public contracts, and supervised manners and morals.
(in early Freudian dream theory) the force that represses ideas, impulses, and feelings, and prevents them from entering consciousness in their original, undisguised forms.
to examine and act upon as a censor.
to delete (a word or passage of text) in one’s capacity as a censor.
a person authorized to examine publications, theatrical presentations, films, letters, etc, in order to suppress in whole or part those considered obscene, politically unacceptable, etc
any person who controls or suppresses the behaviour of others, usually on moral grounds
(in republican Rome) either of two senior magistrates elected to keep the list of citizens up to date, control aspects of public finance, and supervise public morals
(psychoanal) the postulated factor responsible for regulating the translation of ideas and desires from the unconscious to the conscious mind See also superego
to ban or cut portions of (a publication, film, letter, etc)
to act as a censor of (behaviour, etc)
1530s, “Roman magistrate who took censuses and oversaw public morals,” from Middle French censor and directly from Latin censor, from censere “to appraise, value, judge,” from PIE root *kens- “speak solemnly, announce” (cf. Sanskrit śamsati “recites, praises,” śasa “song of praise”).
There were two of them at a time in classical times, usually patricians, and they also had charge of public finances and public works. Transferred sense of “officious judge of morals and conduct” in English is from 1590s. Roman censor also had a transferred sense of “a severe judge; a rigid moralist; a censurer.” Of books, plays (later films, etc.), 1640s. By the early decades of the 19c. the meaning of the English word had shaded into “state agent charged with suppression of speech or published matter deemed politically subversive.” Related: Censorial.
1833 of media, from censor (n.). Related: Censored; censoring.
censor cen·sor (sěn’sər)
The hypothetical agent in the unconscious mind that is responsible for suppressing unconscious thoughts and wishes.
an official enumeration of the population, with details as to age, sex, occupation, etc. (in ancient Rome) the registration of citizens and their property, for purposes of taxation. to take a census of (a country, city, etc.): The entire nation is censused every 10 years. noun (pl) -suses an official periodic count of a population […]
deserving censure or blame. Historical Examples adjective deserving censure, condemnation, or blame adj. 1630s, from censure + -able. Related: Censurability.
strong or vehement expression of disapproval: The newspapers were unanimous in their censure of the tax proposal. an official reprimand, as by a legislative body of one of its members. to criticize or reproach in a harsh or vehement manner: She is more to be pitied than censured. to give censure, adverse criticism, disapproval, or […]