an official enumeration of the population, with details as to age, sex, occupation, etc.
(in ancient Rome) the registration of citizens and their property, for purposes of taxation.
to take a census of (a country, city, etc.):
The entire nation is censused every 10 years.
noun (pl) -suses
an official periodic count of a population including such information as sex, age, occupation, etc
any offical count: a traffic census
(in ancient Rome) a registration of the population and a property evaluation for purposes of taxation
1610s, from Latin census “the enrollment of the names and property assessments of all Roman citizens,” originally past participle of censere “to assess” (see censor (n.)). The modern census begins in the U.S., 1790., and Revolutionary France. Property for taxation was the primary purpose in Rome, hence Latin census also was used for “one’s wealth, one’s worth, wealthiness.”
There are five instances of a census of the Jewish people having been taken. (1.) In the fourth month after the Exodus, when the people were encamped at Sinai. The number of men from twenty years old and upward was then 603,550 (Ex. 38:26). (2.) Another census was made just before the entrance into Canaan, when the number was found to be 601,730, showing thus a small decrease (Num. 26:51). (3.) The next census was in the time of David, when the number, exclusive of the tribes of Levi and Benjamin, was found to be 1,300,000 (2 Sam. 24:9; 1 Chr. 21:5). (4.) Solomon made a census of the foreigners in the land, and found 153,600 able-bodied workmen (2 Chr. 2:17, 18). (5.) After the return from Exile the whole congregation of Israel was numbered, and found to amount to 42,360 (Ezra 2:64). A census was made by the Roman government in the time of our Lord (Luke 2:1). (See TAXING.)
of or forming the center: the central hut in the village. in, at, or near the center: a central position. constituting something from which other related things proceed or upon which they depend: a central office. principal; chief; dominant: the play’s central character. Anatomy, Zoology. of or relating to the central nervous system. of or […]
center. Geometry. the middle point, as the point within a circle or sphere equally distant from all points of the circumference or surface, or the point within a regular polygon equally distant from the vertices. a point, pivot, axis, etc., around which anything rotates or revolves: The sun is the center of the solar system. […]
the symbol ¢ placed after a number to indicate that the number represents cents.
pertaining to a century. Historical Examples adjective of or relating to a Roman century (rare) involving a period of 100 years