Chaldea



an ancient region in the lower Tigris and Euphrates valley, in S Babylonia.
Babylonia.
noun
an ancient region of Babylonia; the land lying between the Euphrates delta, the Persian Gulf, and the Arabian desert
another name for Babylonia

The southern portion of Babylonia, Lower Mesopotamia, lying chiefly on the right bank of the Euphrates, but commonly used of the whole of the Mesopotamian plain. The Hebrew name is Kasdim, which is usually rendered “Chaldeans” (Jer. 50:10; 51:24,35). The country so named is a vast plain formed by the deposits of the Euphrates and the Tigris, extending to about 400 miles along the course of these rivers, and about 100 miles in average breadth. “In former days the vast plains of Babylon were nourished by a complicated system of canals and water-courses, which spread over the surface of the country like a network. The wants of a teeming population were supplied by a rich soil, not less bountiful than that on the banks of the Egyptian Nile. Like islands rising from a golden sea of waving corn stood frequent groves of palm-trees and pleasant gardens, affording to the idler or traveller their grateful and highly-valued shade. Crowds of passengers hurried along the dusty roads to and from the busy city. The land was rich in corn and wine.” Recent discoveries, more especially in Babylonia, have thrown much light on the history of the Hebrew patriarchs, and have illustrated or confirmed the Biblical narrative in many points. The ancestor of the Hebrew people, Abram, was, we are told, born at “Ur of the Chaldees.” “Chaldees” is a mistranslation of the Hebrew _Kasdim_, Kasdim being the Old Testament name of the Babylonians, while the Chaldees were a tribe who lived on the shores of the Persian Gulf, and did not become a part of the Babylonian population till the time of Hezekiah. Ur was one of the oldest and most famous of the Babylonian cities. Its site is now called Mugheir, or Mugayyar, on the western bank of the Euphrates, in Southern Babylonia. About a century before the birth of Abram it was ruled by a powerful dynasty of kings. Their conquests extended to Elam on the one side, and to the Lebanon on the other. They were followed by a dynasty of princes whose capital was Babylon, and who seem to have been of South Arabian origin. The founder of the dynasty was Sumu-abi (“Shem is my father”). But soon afterwards Babylonia fell under Elamite dominion. The kings of Babylon were compelled to acknowledge the supremacy of Elam, and a rival kingdom to that of Babylon, and governed by Elamites, sprang up at Larsa, not far from Ur, but on the opposite bank of the river. In the time of Abram the king of Larsa was Eri-Aku, the son of an Elamite prince, and Eri-Aku, as has long been recognized, is the Biblical “Arioch king of Ellasar” (Gen. 14:1). The contemporaneous king of Babylon in the north, in the country termed Shinar in Scripture, was Khammu-rabi. (See BABYLON ØT0000409; ABRAHAM ØT0000054; AMRAPHEL.)

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  • Chaldee

    one of an ancient Semitic people that formed the dominant element in Babylonia. the indigenous Semitic language of the Chaldeans, Aramaic being used as an auxiliary language. Biblical Aramaic. an astrologer, soothsayer, or enchanter. Dan. 1:4; 2:2. of or belonging to ancient Chaldea. pertaining to astrology, occult learning, etc. noun a nontechnical term for Biblical […]

  • Chaldee language

    employed by the sacred writers in certain portions of the Old Testament, viz., Dan. 2:4-7, 28; Ezra 4:8-6:18; 7:12-26; Gen. 31:46; Jer. 10:11. It is the Aramaic dialect, as it is sometimes called, as distinguished from the Hebrew dialect. It was the language of commerce and of social intercourse in Western Asia, and after the […]



  • Chaldees

    one of an ancient Semitic people that formed the dominant element in Babylonia. the indigenous Semitic language of the Chaldeans, Aramaic being used as an auxiliary language. Biblical Aramaic. an astrologer, soothsayer, or enchanter. Dan. 1:4; 2:2. of or belonging to ancient Chaldea. pertaining to astrology, occult learning, etc. noun a member of an ancient […]

  • Chaldron

    an English dry measure formerly used for coal, coke, lime, and the like, varying locally from 32 to 36 bushels or more. noun a unit of capacity equal to 36 bushels. Formerly used in the US for the measurement of solids, being equivalent to 1.268 cubic metres. Used in Britain for both solids and liquids, […]



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