[cher-uh b] /ˈtʃɛr əb/
noun, plural cherubs for 3, 4; cherubim
[cher-uh-bim, -yoo-bim] /ˈtʃɛr ə bɪm, -yʊ bɪm/ (Show IPA), for 1, 2.
a celestial being. Gen. 3:24; Ezek. 1, 10.
Theology. a member of the second order of angels, often represented as a beautiful rosy-cheeked child with wings.
a beautiful or innocent person, especially a child.
a person, especially a child, with a sweet, chubby, innocent face.
noun (pl) cherubs, cherubim (ˈtʃɛrəbɪm; -ʊbɪm)
(theol) a member of the second order of angels, whose distinctive gift is knowledge, often represented as a winged child or winged head of a child
an innocent or sweet child
late 14c. as an order of angels, from Late Latin cherub, from Greek cheroub, from Hebrew kerubh (plural kerubhim) “winged angel,” perhaps related to Akkadian karubu “to bless,” karibu “one who blesses,” an epithet of the bull-colossus. Old English had cerubin, from the Greek plural.
The cherubim, a common feature of ancient Near Eastern mythology, are not to be confused with the round-cheeked darlings of Renaissance iconography. The root of the terms either means “hybrid” or, by an inversion of consonants, “mount,” “steed,” and they are winged beasts, probably of awesome aspect, on which the sky god of the old Canaanite myths and of the poetry of Psalms goes riding through the air. [Robert Alter, “The Five Books of Moses,” 2004, commentary on Gen. iii:24]
cherubim [(chair-uh-bim, chair-yuh-bim)]
One of the groups of the angels.
Note: God is often described in the Old Testament as sitting on a throne supported by cherubim.
Note: In the art of the Renaissance, cherubim (or cherubs) are depicted as chubby babies with wings. Hence, a person with a chubby, childlike face may be called “cherubic.”
plural cherubim, the name of certain symbolical figures frequently mentioned in Scripture. They are first mentioned in connection with the expulsion of our first parents from Eden (Gen. 3:24). There is no intimation given of their shape or form. They are next mentioned when Moses was commanded to provide furniture for the tabernacle (Ex. 25:17-20; 26:1, 31). God promised to commune with Moses “from between the cherubim” (25:22). This expression was afterwards used to denote the Divine abode and presence (Num. 7:89; 1 Sam. 4:4; Isa. 37:16; Ps. 80:1; 99:1). In Ezekiel’s vision (10:1-20) they appear as living creatures supporting the throne of God. From Ezekiel’s description of them (1;10; 41:18, 19), they appear to have been compound figures, unlike any real object in nature; artificial images possessing the features and properties of several animals. Two cherubim were placed on the mercy-seat of the ark; two of colossal size overshadowed it in Solomon’s temple. Ezekiel (1:4-14) speaks of four; and this number of “living creatures” is mentioned in Rev. 4:6. Those on the ark are called the “cherubim of glory” (Heb. 9:5), i.e., of the Shechinah, or cloud of glory, for on them the visible glory of God rested. They were placed one at each end of the mercy-seat, with wings stretched upward, and their faces “toward each other and toward the mercy-seat.” They were anointed with holy oil, like the ark itself and the other sacred furniture. The cherubim were symbolical. They were intended to represent spiritual existences in immediate contact with Jehovah. Some have regarded them as symbolical of the chief ruling power by which God carries on his operations in providence (Ps. 18:10). Others interpret them as having reference to the redemption of men, and as symbolizing the great rulers or ministers of the church. Many other opinions have been held regarding them which need not be referred to here. On the whole, it seems to be most satisfactory to regard the interpretation of the symbol to be variable, as is the symbol itself. Their office was, (1) on the expulsion of our first parents from Eden, to prevent all access to the tree of life; and (2) to form the throne and chariot of Jehovah in his manifestation of himself on earth. He dwelleth between and sitteth on the cherubim (1 Sam. 4:4; Ps. 80:1; Ezek. 1:26, 28).
[ker-oo-bee-nee; Italian ke-roo-bee-nee] /ˌkɛr ʊˈbi ni; Italian ˌkɛ ruˈbi ni/ noun 1. Maria Luigi Carlo Zenobio Salvatore [mah-ree-ah loo-ee-jee kahr-law dze-naw-byaw sahl-vah-taw-re] /mɑˈri ɑ luˈi dʒi ˈkɑr lɔ dzɛˈnɔ byɔ ˌsɑl vɑˈtɔ rɛ/ (Show IPA), 1760–1842, Italian composer, especially of opera; in France after 1788. /ˌkɛrʊˈbiːnɪ/ noun 1. (Maria) Luigi (Carlo Zenobio Salvatore) (luˈiːdʒi). 1760–1842, […]
cherubism cher·ub·ism (chěr’ə-bĭz’əm) n. A hereditary disease marked by an enlargement of the jawbones in young children, producing a cherublike facial appearance.
[cher-uh b] /ˈtʃɛr əb/ noun, plural cherubs for 3, 4; cherubim [cher-uh-bim, -yoo-bim] /ˈtʃɛr ə bɪm, -yʊ bɪm/ (Show IPA), for 1, 2. 1. a celestial being. Gen. 3:24; Ezek. 1, 10. 2. Theology. a member of the second order of angels, often represented as a beautiful rosy-cheeked child with wings. 3. a beautiful or […]
[chur-vil] /ˈtʃɜr vɪl/ noun 1. an herb, Anthriscus cerefolium, of the parsley family, having aromatic leaves used to flavor soups, salads, etc. 2. any of several other plants of the same genus or allied genera. /ˈtʃɜːvɪl/ noun 1. an aromatic umbelliferous Eurasian plant, Anthriscus cerefolium, with small white flowers and aniseed-flavoured leaves used as herbs […]