Chivalry



[shiv-uh l-ree] /ˈʃɪv əl ri/

noun, plural chivalries for 6.
1.
the sum of the ideal qualifications of a knight, including courtesy, generosity, valor, and dexterity in arms.
2.
the rules and customs of medieval knighthood.
3.
the medieval system or institution of knighthood.
4.
a group of knights.
5.
gallant warriors or gentlemen:
fair ladies and noble chivalry.
6.
Archaic. a act; gallant deed.
/ˈʃɪvəlrɪ/
noun (pl) -ries
1.
the combination of qualities expected of an ideal knight, esp courage, honour, justice, and a readiness to help the weak
2.
courteous behaviour, esp towards women
3.
the medieval system and principles of knighthood
4.
knights, noblemen, etc, collectively
n.

c.1300, “body or host of knights; knighthood in the feudal social system; bravery in war, warfare as an art,” from Old French chevalerie “knighthood, chivalry, nobility, cavalry, art of war,” from chevaler “knight,” from Medieval Latin caballarius “horseman,” from Latin caballus “nag, pack-horse” (see cavalier). From late 14c. as “the nobility as one of the estates of the realm,” also as the word for an ethical code emphasizing honor, valor, generosity and courtly manners. Modern use for “social and moral code of medieval feudalism” probably is an 18c. historical revival.

The methods of training and standards of behavior for knights in the Middle Ages. The code of chivalry emphasized bravery, military skill, generosity in victory, piety, and courtesy to women. (Compare courtly love.)

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