[kuh-loh-nee-uh-liz-uh m] /kəˈloʊ ni əˌlɪz əm/

the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people.
the system or policy by which a nation maintains or advocates such control or influence.
the state or condition of being .
an idea, custom, or practice peculiar to a .
the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas Also called imperialism

1813, from colonial + -ist; cf. colonist.

1853, “ways or speech of colonial persons,” from colonial + -ism. Meaning “the system of colonial rule” is from 1886.

The control of one nation by “transplanted” people of another nation — often a geographically distant nation that has a different culture and dominant racial or ethnic group. (See ethnicity.)

Note: A classic example of colonialism is the control of India by Britain from the eighteenth century to 1947.

Note: Control that is economic and cultural, rather than political, is often called neocolonialism.


Read Also:

  • Coloniality

    [kuh-loh-nee-al-i-tee] /kəˌloʊ niˈæl ɪ ti/ noun, Animal Behavior. 1. the state or condition of associating in colonies.

  • Colonialization

    [kuh-loh-nee-uh-luh-zey-shuh n] /kəˌloʊ ni ə ləˈzeɪ ʃən/ noun 1. the act of bringing into subjection or subjugation by colonializing. 2. the state or fact of being colonialized. n. 1965, noun of action from colonialize (1964); see colonial + -ize. Related: Decolonialize; decolonialization.

  • Colonialize

    [kuh-loh-nee-uh-lahyz] /kəˈloʊ ni əˌlaɪz/ verb (used with object), colonialized, colonializing. 1. to make .

  • Colonialized

    [kuh-loh-nee-uh-lahyz] /kəˈloʊ ni əˌlaɪz/ verb (used with object), colonialized, colonializing. 1. to make .

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