[kom-puh n-seyt] /ˈkɒm pənˌseɪt/
verb (used with object), compensated, compensating.
to recompense for something:
They gave him ten dollars to compensate him for his trouble.
to counterbalance; offset; be equivalent to:
He compensated his homely appearance with great personal charm.
Mechanics. to counterbalance (a force or the like); adjust or construct so as to offset or counterbalance variations or produce equilibrium.
to change the gold content of (a monetary unit) to counterbalance price fluctuations and thereby stabilize its purchasing power.
verb (used without object), compensated, compensating.
to provide or be an equivalent; make up; make amends (usually followed by for):
His occasional courtesies did not compensate for his general rudeness.
Psychology. to develop or employ mechanisms of .
to make amends to (someone), esp for loss or injury
(transitive) to serve as compensation or damages for (injury, loss, etc)
to offset or counterbalance the effects of (a force, weight, movement, etc) so as to nullify the effects of an undesirable influence and produce equilibrium
(intransitive) to attempt to conceal or offset one’s shortcomings by the exaggerated exhibition of qualities regarded as desirable
1640s, “to be equivalent;” 1650s, “to counterbalance, make up for,” from Latin compensatus, past participle of compensare “to weigh one thing (against another),” thus, “to counterbalance,” from com- “with” (see com-) + pensare, frequentative of pendere “to weigh” (see pendant). Meaning “to recompense, remunerate” is from 1814. Related: Compensated; compensating.
- Compensated acidosis
compensated acidosis com·pen·sat·ed acidosis (kŏm’pən-sā’tĭd) n. Acidosis in which the pH of body fluids is normal due to compensation by respiratory or renal mechanisms.
- Compensated alkalosis
compensated alkalosis n. A rise in alkalinity that is compensated for by physiological changes to the pH of body fluids.
noun, Railroads. 1. a grade that has been reduced along a curve to offset the additional resistance due to the curve.
- Compensated semiconductor
noun 1. (physics) a semiconductor in which donors and acceptors are related in such a way that their opposing electrical effects are partially cancelled