[kom-puh n-sey-shuh n] /ˌkɒm pənˈseɪ ʃən/
the act or state of , as by rewarding someone for service or by making up for someone’s loss, damage, or injury by giving the injured party an appropriate benefit.
the state of being or rewarded in this way.
something given or received as an equivalent for services, debt, loss, injury, suffering, lack, etc.; indemnity:
The insurance company paid him $2000 as compensation for the loss of his car.
Biology. the improvement of any defect by the excessive development or action of another structure or organ of the same structure.
Psychology. a mechanism by which an individual attempts to make up for some real or imagined deficiency of personality or behavior by developing or stressing another aspect of the personality or by substituting a different form of behavior.
the act or process of making amends for something
something given as reparation for loss, injury, etc; indemnity
the automatic movements made by the body to maintain balance
the attempt to conceal or offset one’s shortcomings by the exaggerated exhibition of qualities regarded as desirable
(biology) abnormal growth and increase in size in one organ in response to the removal or inactivation of another
late 14c., “action of compensating,” from Latin compensationem (nominative compensatio) “a weighing one thing against another, a balancing,” noun of action from past participle stem of compensare (see compensate). Meaning “what is given in recompense” is from c.1600; meaning “amends for loss or damages” is from 1804; meaning “salary, wages” is attested from 1787, American English. The psychological sense is from 1914.
compensation com·pen·sa·tion (kŏm’pən-sā’shən)
- Compensation culture
noun 1. a culture in which people are very ready to go to law over even relatively minor incidents in the hope of gaining compensation
noun, Psychiatry. 1. an unconscious attempt to retain physical or psychological symptoms of illness when some advantage may be obtained (distinguished from ). compensation neurosis n. A neurosis whose symptoms may be associated with a real or presumed disability that may bring financial compensation.
- Compensation order
noun 1. (in Britain) the requirement of a court that an offender pay compensation for injury, loss, or damage resulting from an offence, either in preference to or as well as a fine
- Compensation point
noun 1. (botany) the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide at which the rate of carbon dioxide uptake by a photosynthesizing plant is exactly balanced by its rate of carbon dioxide release in respiration and photorespiration