[kuh n-jen-i-tl] /kənˈdʒɛn ɪ tl/
of or relating to a condition present at birth, whether inherited or caused by the environment, especially the uterine environment.
having by nature a specified character:
a congenital fool.
denoting or relating to any nonhereditary condition, esp an abnormal condition, existing at birth: congenital blindness
(informal) complete, as if from birth: a congenital idiot
“existing from birth,” 1796, from Latin congenitus, from com- “together, with” (see com-) + genitus, past participle of gignere “to beget” (see genus). The sense formerly belonged to congenial. Related: Congenitally.
congenital con·gen·i·tal (kən-jěn’ĭ-tl)
Existing at or before birth, as a defect or medical condition.
A descriptive term for a disease or condition that is present at birth. A congenital disease can be either hereditary or acquired.
- Congenital megacolon
congenital megacolon n. Congenital dilation and hypertrophy of a segment of the colon due to an absence or marked reduction in the number of motor neurons innervating its muscular coat, resulting in extreme constipation and, if untreated, growth retardation. Also called Hirschsprung’s disease.
- Congenital myxedema
congenital myxedema n. See cretinism.
[kuh n-fahynd] /kənˈfaɪnd/ adjective 1. limited or restricted. 2. unable to leave a place because of illness, imprisonment, etc. 3. being in childbirth; being in parturition. [kuh n-fahyn for 1, 2, 5, 6; kon-fahyn for 3, 4] /kənˈfaɪn for 1, 2, 5, 6; ˈkɒn faɪn for 3, 4/ verb (used with object), confined, confining. 1. […]
[kuh n-fahyn for 1, 2, 5, 6; kon-fahyn for 3, 4] /kənˈfaɪn for 1, 2, 5, 6; ˈkɒn faɪn for 3, 4/ verb (used with object), confined, confining. 1. to enclose within bounds; limit or restrict: She confined her remarks to errors in the report. Confine your efforts to finishing the book. 2. to shut […]