[doo-tee, dyoo-] /ˈdu ti, ˈdyu-/
noun, plural duties.
something that one is expected or required to do by moral or legal obligation.
the binding or obligatory force of something that is morally or legally right; moral or legal obligation.
an action or task required by a person’s position or occupation; function:
the duties of a clergyman.
the respectful and obedient conduct due a parent, superior, elder, etc.
an act or expression of respect.
a task or chore that a person is expected to perform:
It’s your duty to do the dishes.
Commerce. a specific or ad valorem tax imposed by law on the import or export of goods.
a payment, service, etc., imposed and enforceable by law or custom.
Chiefly British. tax:
Agriculture. the amount of water necessary to provide for the crop in a given area.
Baby Talk. bowel movement.
do duty, to serve the same function; substitute for:
bookcases that do duty as room dividers.
off duty, not at one’s post or work; at liberty:
They spent their days off duty in hiking and fishing.
on duty, at one’s post or work; occupied; engaged:
He was suspended from the force for being drunk while on duty.
noun (pl) -ties
a task or action that a person is bound to perform for moral or legal reasons
respect or obedience due to a superior, older persons, etc: filial duty
the force that binds one morally or legally to one’s obligations
a government tax, esp on imports
the quantity of water necessary to irrigate an area of land to grow a particular crop
do duty for, to act as a substitute for
off duty, not at work
on duty, at work
late 13c., from Anglo-French duete, from Old French deu “due, owed; proper, just,” from Vulgar Latin *debutus, from Latin debitus, past participle of debere “to owe” (see debt). Related: Duties. The sense of “tax or fee on imports, exports, etc.” is from late 15c.; duty-free as a noun is attested from 1958.
A tax charged by a government, especially on an import.
pad duty, rack duty, sack duty
In addition to the idiom beginning with
adjective 1. morally obliged as a matter of duty
[doo-tee-free, dyoo-] /ˈdu tiˈfri, ˈdyu-/ adjective, adverb 1. free of customs duty or tax on imported or exported goods: duty-free cargo; merchandise shipped duty-free. 2. pertaining to or selling goods for import or export free of the usual customs duty: a duty-free shop at the airport. adjective, adverb 1. with exemption from customs or excise […]
- Duty-free shop
noun 1. a shop, esp one at an airport or on board a ship, that sells perfume, tobacco, etc, at duty-free prices
- Duty officer
noun 1. an officer (in the armed forces, police, etc) on duty at a particular time