[el-uh-fuh n-tahy-uh-sis, -fan-] /ˌɛl ə fənˈtaɪ ə sɪs, -fæn-/

Pathology. a chronic filarial disease resulting in lymphatic obstruction, characterized by marked enlargement of the parts affected, especially of the legs and scrotum, transmitted by mosquitoes.
untoward growth or development:
bureaucratic elephantiasis.
(pathol) a complication of chronic filariasis, in which nematode worms block the lymphatic vessels, usually in the legs or scrotum, causing extreme enlargement of the affected area See also filariasis

1580s, from Greek elephantos, genitive of elephas “elephant” (see elephant) + -iasis “pathological or morbid condition.” It refers to two diseases, one characterized by thickening of a body part (E. Arabum), the other, older meaning is “disease characterized by skin resembling an elephant’s” (E. Græcorum, also called Egyptian leprosy).

elephantiasis el·e·phan·ti·a·sis (ěl’ə-fən-tī’ə-sĭs)
Chronic, often extreme enlargement and hardening of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue, especially of the legs and external genitals, resulting from lymphatic obstruction and usually caused by infestation of the lymph glands and vessels with a filarial worm.
el’e·phan·ti’ac’ (-tī’āk’) adj.


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