Encomienda



[en-koh-mee-en-duh, -kom-ee-; Spanish eng-kaw-myen-dah] /ɛnˌkoʊ miˈɛn də, -ˌkɒm i-; Spanish ˌɛŋ kɔˈmyɛn dɑ/

noun, plural encomiendas
[en-koh-mee-en-duh z, -kom-ee-; Spanish eng-kaw-myen-dahs] /ɛnˌkoʊ miˈɛn dəz, -ˌkɒm i-; Spanish ˌɛŋ kɔˈmyɛn dɑs/ (Show IPA) (formerly in Spanish America)
1.
the system, instituted in 1503, under which a Spanish soldier or colonist was granted a tract of land or a village together with its Indian inhabitants.
2.
the land or village together with its inhabitants.
noun

in the US, a land grant system started in 1503 which gave certain Spaniards an estate or tract of land in America as well as the Native American inhabitants of that land; also, this tract of land and its inhabitants
Examples

Encomienda provided for Indian tribute in exchange for protection and Christian instruction.
Usage Note

encomendero n
n.

1810, from Spanish, “commission,” from encomendar “to commit, charge.” Estate granted to a Spaniard in America with powers to tax the Indians.

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  • Encomiendas

    [en-koh-mee-en-duh, -kom-ee-; Spanish eng-kaw-myen-dah] /ɛnˌkoʊ miˈɛn də, -ˌkɒm i-; Spanish ˌɛŋ kɔˈmyɛn dɑ/ noun, plural encomiendas [en-koh-mee-en-duh z, -kom-ee-; Spanish eng-kaw-myen-dahs] /ɛnˌkoʊ miˈɛn dəz, -ˌkɒm i-; Spanish ˌɛŋ kɔˈmyɛn dɑs/ (Show IPA) (formerly in Spanish America) 1. the system, instituted in 1503, under which a Spanish soldier or colonist was granted a tract of land […]

  • Encomium

    [en-koh-mee-uh m] /ɛnˈkoʊ mi əm/ noun, plural encomiums, encomia [en-koh-mee-uh] /ɛnˈkoʊ mi ə/ (Show IPA) 1. a formal expression of high praise; eulogy: An encomium by the president greeted the returning hero. /ɛnˈkəʊmɪəm/ noun (pl) -miums, -mia (-mɪə) 1. a formal expression of praise; eulogy; panegyric noun a formal expression of praise, esp. an elaborate […]



  • Encompass

    [en-kuhm-puh s] /ɛnˈkʌm pəs/ verb (used with object) 1. to form a circle about; encircle; surround: He built a moat to encompass the castle. 2. to enclose; envelop: The folds of a great cloak encompassed her person. 3. to include comprehensively: a work that encompasses the entire range of the world’s religious beliefs. 4. Obsolete. […]

  • Encompassed

    [en-kuhm-puh s] /ɛnˈkʌm pəs/ verb (used with object) 1. to form a circle about; encircle; surround: He built a moat to encompass the castle. 2. to enclose; envelop: The folds of a great cloak encompassed her person. 3. to include comprehensively: a work that encompasses the entire range of the world’s religious beliefs. 4. Obsolete. […]



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