[noun es-ey for 1, 2; es-ey, e-sey for 3–5; verb e-sey] /noun ˈɛs eɪ for 1, 2; ˈɛs eɪ, ɛˈseɪ for 3–5; verb ɛˈseɪ/
a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usually in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative.
anything resembling such a composition:
a picture essay.
an effort to perform or accomplish something; attempt.
Philately. a design for a proposed stamp differing in any way from the design of the stamp as issued.
Obsolete. a tentative effort; trial; assay.
verb (used with object)
to try; attempt.
to put to the test; make trial of.
noun (ˈɛseɪ; for senses 2, 3 also) (ɛˈseɪ)
a short literary composition dealing with a subject analytically or speculatively
an attempt or endeavour; effort
a test or trial
verb (transitive) (ɛˈseɪ)
to attempt or endeavour; try
to test or try out
1590s, “short non-fiction literary composition” (first attested in writings of Francis Bacon, probably in imitation of Montaigne), from Middle French essai “trial, attempt, essay,” from Late Latin exagium “a weighing, weight,” from Latin exigere “test,” from ex- “out” (see ex-) + agere (see act) apparently meaning here “to weigh.” The suggestion is of unpolished writing.
“to put to proof, test the mettle of,” late 15c., from Middle French essaier, from essai (see essay (n.)). This sense has mostly gone with the divergent spelling assay. Meaning “to attempt” is from 1640s. Related: Essayed; essaying.
A short piece of writing on one subject, usually presenting the author’s own views. Michel de Montaigne, Francis Bacon, and Ralph Waldo Emerson are celebrated for their essays.
[es-uh n] /ˈɛs ən/ noun 1. a city in W Germany: the chief city of the Ruhr River valley. /German ˈɛsən/ noun 1. a city in W Germany, in North Rhine-Westphalia: the leading administrative centre of the Ruhr; university. Pop: 589 499 (2003 est)
[es-se; English es-ee] /ˈɛs sɛ; English ˈɛs i/ noun, Latin. 1. being; existence. [ahb-es-se; English ab-es-ee] /ɑbˈɛs sɛ; English æbˈɛs i/ adjective, Latin. 1. . [in es-e; English in es-ee] /ɪn ˈɛs ɛ; English ɪn ˈɛs i/ adverb, adjective, Latin. 1. in being; in actuality; in actual existence (contrasted wiith ). [es-se kwahm wi-de-ree; English […]
[es-uh ns] /ˈɛs əns/ noun 1. the basic, real, and invariable nature of a thing or its significant individual feature or features: Freedom is the very essence of our democracy. 2. a substance obtained from a plant, drug, or the like, by distillation, infusion, etc., and containing its characteristic properties in concentrated form. 3. an […]
noun 1. (def 2). [bur-guh-mot, -muh t] /ˈbɜr gəˌmɒt, -mət/ noun 1. a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil. 2. Also called essence of bergamot. the oil or essence itself. 3. any of various plants of the mint family, as Monarda fistulosa, yielding an […]