[ee-tee-ol-uh-jee] /ˌi tiˈɒl ə dʒi/

noun, plural etiologies.

the study of causation.
any study of causes, causation, or causality, as in philosophy, biology, or physics.
noun (pl) -gies
a variant spelling of aetiology

“science of causes or causation,” 1550s, from Late Latin aetiologia, from Greek aitiologia “statement of cause,” from aitia “cause” + -logia “a speaking” (see -logy). Related: Etiologic; etiological.

etiology e·ti·ol·o·gy or ae·ti·ol·o·gy (ē’tē-ŏl’ə-jē)

The cause or origin of a disease, condition, or constellation of symptoms or signs, as determined by medical diagnosis or research.


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