[yoo-frey-teez] /yuˈfreɪ tiz/

a river in SW Asia, flowing from E Turkey through Syria and Iraq, joining the Tigris to form the Shatt-al-Arab near the Persian Gulf. 1700 miles (2735 km) long.
a river in SW Asia, rising in E Turkey and flowing south across Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris, forming the Shatt-al-Arab, which flows to the head of the Persian Gulf: important in ancient times for the extensive irrigation of its valley (in Mesopotamia). Length: 3598 km (2235 miles)

Old English Eufrate, from Greek Euphrates, from Old Persian Ufratu, perhaps from Avestan huperethuua “good to cross over,” from hu- “good” + peretu- “ford.” But Kent says “probably a popular etymologizing in O.P. of a local non-Iranian name” [“Old Persian,” p.176]. In Akkadian, purattu.

Hebrew, Perath; Assyrian, Purat; Persian cuneiform, Ufratush, whence Greek Euphrates, meaning “sweet water.” The Assyrian name means “the stream,” or “the great stream.” It is generally called in the Bible simply “the river” (Ex. 23:31), or “the great river” (Deut. 1:7). The Euphrates is first mentioned in Gen. 2:14 as one of the rivers of Paradise. It is next mentioned in connection with the covenant which God entered into with Abraham (15:18), when he promised to his descendants the land from the river of Egypt to the river Euphrates (comp. Deut. 11:24; Josh. 1:4), a covenant promise afterwards fulfilled in the extended conquests of David (2 Sam. 8:2-14; 1 Chr. 18:3; 1 Kings 4:24). It was then the boundary of the kingdom to the north-east. In the ancient history of Assyria, and Babylon, and Egypt many events are recorded in which mention is made of the “great river.” Just as the Nile represented in prophecy the power of Egypt, so the Euphrates represented the Assyrian power (Isa. 8:7; Jer. 2:18). It is by far the largest and most important of all the rivers of Western Asia. From its source in the Armenian mountains to the Persian Gulf, into which it empties itself, it has a course of about 1,700 miles. It has two sources, (1) the Frat or Kara-su (i.e., “the black river”), which rises 25 miles north-east of Erzeroum; and (2) the Muradchai (i.e., “the river of desire”), which rises near Ararat, on the northern slope of Ala-tagh. At Kebban Maden, 400 miles from the source of the former, and 270 from that of the latter, they meet and form the majestic stream, which is at length joined by the Tigris at Koornah, after which it is called Shat-el-Arab, which runs in a deep and broad stream for above 140 miles to the sea. It is estimated that the alluvium brought down by these rivers encroaches on the sea at the rate of about one mile in thirty years.


Read Also:

  • Euphroe

    [yoo-froh, -vroh] /ˈyu froʊ, -vroʊ/ noun, Nautical. 1. a suspended batten or plate of wood or brass pierced with holes through which the cords of a crowfoot are rove to suspend an awning. /ˈjuːfrəʊ; -vrəʊ/ noun 1. (nautical) a wooden block with holes through which the lines of a crowfoot are rove

  • Euphrosyne

    [yoo-fros-uh-nee] /yuˈfrɒs əˌni/ noun, Classical Mythology. 1. one of the Graces. /juːˈfrɒzɪˌniː/ noun 1. (Greek myth) one of the three Graces name of one of the three Graces in Greek mythology, from Latin, from Greek Euphrosyne, literally “mirth, merriment,” from euphron “cheerful, merry, of a good mind,” from eu “well” (see eu-) + phren (genitive […]

  • Euphues

    [yoo-fyoo-eez] /ˈyu fyuˌiz/ noun 1. the main character in John Lyly’s works Euphues, the Anatomy of Wit (1579), and Euphues and His England (1580).

  • Euphuism

    [yoo-fyoo-iz-uh m] /ˈyu fyuˌɪz əm/ noun 1. an affected style in imitation of that of Lyly, fashionable in England about the end of the 16th century, characterized chiefly by long series of antitheses and frequent similes relating to mythological natural history, and alliteration. Compare . 2. any similar ornate style of writing or speaking; high-flown, […]

Disclaimer: Euphrates definition / meaning should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. All content on this website is for informational purposes only.