Existentialism



[eg-zi-sten-shuh-liz-uh m, ek-si-] /ˌɛg zɪˈstɛn ʃəˌlɪz əm, ˌɛk sɪ-/

noun, Philosophy.
1.
a philosophical attitude associated especially with Heidegger, Jaspers, Marcel, and Sartre, and opposed to rationalism and empiricism, that stresses the individual’s unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices.
/ˌɛɡzɪˈstɛnʃəˌlɪzəm/
noun
1.
a modern philosophical movement stressing the importance of personal experience and responsibility and the demands that they make on the individual, who is seen as a free agent in a deterministic and seemingly meaningless universe
n.

1941, from German Existentialismus (1919), replacing Existentialforhold (1849), ultimately from Danish writer Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), who wrote (1846) of Existents-Forhold “condition of existence,” existentielle Pathos, etc. (see existential), and whose name means, literally, “churchyard.”

A movement in twentieth-century literature and philosophy, with some forerunners in earlier centuries. Existentialism stresses that people are entirely free and therefore responsible for what they make of themselves. With this responsibility comes a profound anguish or dread. Søren Kierkegaard and Feodor Dostoevsky in the nineteenth century, and Jean-Paul Sartre, Martin Heidegger, and Albert Camus in the twentieth century, were existentialist writers.

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  • Existentialist

    [eg-zi-sten-shuh-liz-uh m, ek-si-] /ˌɛg zɪˈstɛn ʃəˌlɪz əm, ˌɛk sɪ-/ noun, Philosophy. 1. a philosophical attitude associated especially with Heidegger, Jaspers, Marcel, and Sartre, and opposed to rationalism and empiricism, that stresses the individual’s unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices. /ˌɛɡzɪˈstɛnʃəˌlɪzəm/ noun 1. a modern philosophical movement […]

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    [eg-zi-sten-shuh-liz-uh m, ek-si-] /ˌɛg zɪˈstɛn ʃəˌlɪz əm, ˌɛk sɪ-/ noun, Philosophy. 1. a philosophical attitude associated especially with Heidegger, Jaspers, Marcel, and Sartre, and opposed to rationalism and empiricism, that stresses the individual’s unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices. /ˌɛɡzɪˈstɛnʃəˌlɪzəm/ noun 1. a modern philosophical movement […]



  • Existentially

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