[fahrm] /fɑrm/

a tract of land, usually with a house, barn, silo, etc., on which crops and often livestock are raised for livelihood.
land or water devoted to the raising of animals, fish, plants, etc.:
a pig farm; an oyster farm; a tree farm.
a similar, usually commercial, site where a product is manufactured or cultivated:
a cheese farm; a honey farm.
the system, method, or act of collecting revenue by leasing a territory in districts.
a country or district leased for the collection of revenue.
a fixed yearly amount accepted from a person in view of local or district taxes that he or she is authorized to collect.
a tract of land on which an industrial function is carried out, as the drilling or storage of oil or the generation of electricity by solar power.
English History.

Also called farm team, farm club. Chiefly Baseball. a team in a minor league that is owned by or affiliated with a major-league team, for training or keeping players until ready or needed.
Obsolete. a fixed yearly amount payable in the form of rent, taxes, or the like.
verb (used with object)
to cultivate (land).
to take the proceeds or profits of (a tax, undertaking, etc.) on paying a fixed sum.
to let or lease (taxes, revenues, an enterprise, etc.) to another for a fixed sum or a percentage (often followed by out).
to let or lease the labor or services of (a person) for hire.
to contract for the maintenance of (a person, institution, etc.):
a county that farms its poor.
verb (used without object)
to cultivate the soil; operate a farm.
Verb phrases
farm out,

buy the farm, Slang. to die or be killed.
(of fish and game) reared on a farm rather than caught in the wild

a unit of land or water devoted to the growing or rearing of some particular type of vegetable, fruit, animal, or fish: a fish farm
an installation for storage
a district of which one or more taxes are leased


(intransitive) to engage in agricultural work, esp as a way of life
(transitive) to look after a child for a fixed sum


c.1300, “fixed payment (usually in exchange for taxes collected, etc.), fixed rent,” from Old French ferme “rent, lease,” from Medieval Latin firma “fixed payment,” from Latin firmare “to fix, settle, confirm, strengthen,” from firmus “firm” (see firm (adj.)).

Sense of “tract of leased land” is first recorded early 14c.; that of “cultivated land” (leased or not) is 1520s. Phrase buy the farm “die in battle,” is at least from World War II, perhaps a cynical reference to the draftee’s dream of getting out of the war and going home, in many cases to a peaceful farmstead. But fetch the farm is prisoner slang from at least 1879 for “get sent to the infirmary,” with reference to the better diet and lighter duties there.

mid-15c., “to rent (land),” from Anglo-French fermer, from ferme (see farm (n.)). The agricultural sense is from 1719. Original sense is retained in to farm out.


To be killed in action; die in the armed services; buy the farm: Just about the whole company farmed that day

Related Terms

bet the farm, fat farm, funny farm, nuthouse

[1970s+ Army; fr buy the farm]


A minor-league club used as a training ground by a major-league club: Columbus is a Yankee farm (1898+ Baseball)

(Matt. 22:5). Every Hebrew had a certain portion of land assigned to him as a possession (Num. 26:33-56). In Egypt the lands all belonged to the king, and the husbandmen were obliged to give him a fifth part of the produce; so in Palestine Jehovah was the sole possessor of the soil, and the people held it by direct tenure from him. By the enactment of Moses, the Hebrews paid a tithe of the produce to Jehovah, which was assigned to the priesthood. Military service when required was also to be rendered by every Hebrew at his own expense. The occuptaion of a husbandman was held in high honour (1 Sam. 11:5-7; 1 Kings 19:19; 2 Chr. 26:10). (See LAND LAWS Ø(n/a); TITHE.)

In addition to the idiom beginning with farm


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