a folder, cabinet, or other container in which papers, letters, etc., are arranged in convenient order for storage or reference.
a collection of papers, records, etc., arranged in convenient order:
to make a file for a new account.
Computers. a collection of related data or program records stored on some input/output or auxiliary storage medium:
This program’s main purpose is to update the customer master file.
a line of persons or things arranged one behind another (distinguished from 1 (def 10.)).
one of the vertical lines of squares on a chessboard.
a list or roll.
a string or wire on which papers are strung for preservation and reference.
verb (used with object), filed, filing.
to place in a file.
to arrange (papers, records, etc.) in convenient order for storage or reference.
verb (used without object), filed, filing.
to march in a file or line, one after another, as soldiers:
The parade filed past endlessly.
to make application:
to file for a civil-service job.
on file, arranged in order for convenient reference; in a file:
The names are on file in the office.
a long, narrow tool of steel or other metal having a series of ridges or points on its surfaces for reducing or smoothing surfaces of metal, wood, etc.
a small, similar tool for trimming and cleaning fingernails; .
British Slang. a cunning, shrewd, or artful person.
verb (used with object), filed, filing.
to reduce, smooth, or remove with or as if with a file.
a folder, box, etc, used to keep documents or other items in order
the documents, etc, kept in this way
documents or information about a specific subject, person, etc: we have a file on every known thief
an orderly line or row
a line of people in marching formation, one behind another Compare rank1 (sense 6)
any of the eight vertical rows of squares on a chessboard
(computing) a named collection of information, in the form of text, programs, graphics, etc, held on a permanent storage device such as a magnetic disk
(obsolete) a list or catalogue
(Canadian) a group of problems or responsibilities, esp in government, associated with a particular topic: the environment file
on file, recorded or catalogued for reference, as in a file
to place (a document, letter, etc) in a file
(transitive) to put on record, esp to place (a legal document) on public or official record; register
(transitive) to bring (a suit, esp a divorce suit) in a court of law
(transitive) to submit (copy) to a newspaper or news agency
(intransitive) to march or walk in a file or files: the ants filed down the hill
a hand tool consisting essentially of a steel blade with small cutting teeth on some or all of its faces. It is used for shaping or smoothing metal, wood, etc
(rare, Brit, slang) a cunning or deceitful person
(transitive) to shape or smooth (a surface) with a file
(transitive) (obsolete) to pollute or defile
“to place (papers) in consecutive order for future reference,” mid-15c., from Middle French filer “string documents on a wire for preservation or reference,” from fil “thread, string” (12c.), from Latin filum “a thread, string,” from PIE *gwhis-lom (cf. Armenian jil “sinew, string, line,” Lithuanian gysla “vein, sinew,” Old Church Slavonic zila “vein”), from root *gwhi- “thread, tendon.” The notion is of documents hung up on a line.
File (filacium) is a threed or wyer, whereon writs, or other exhibits in courts, are fastened for the better keeping of them. [Cowel, “The Interpreter,” 1607]
Methods have become more sophisticated, but the word has stuck. Related: Filed; filing.
1520s, “string or wire on which documents are strung,” from French file “row,” from Middle French filer (see file (v.)). The meaning “arranged collection of papers” is from 1620s; computer sense is from 1954. The military sense “line or row of men” (1590s) is from the French verb in the sense of “spin out (thread); march in file.”
metal tool, Old English feol (Mercian fil), from Proto-Germanic *finkhlo (cf. Old Saxon and Old High German fila, Middle Dutch vile, Dutch vijl, German Feile), probably from PIE *peig- “to cut, mark by incision” (see paint (v.)). The verb in this sense is from early 13c., from Old English filian. Related: Filed; filing.
A collection of related data or program records stored as a unit with a single name. Files are the basic units that a computer works with in storing and retrieving data.
[first sense perhaps fr the tool; perhaps related to French filou, ”pickpocket”]
- File allocation table
file system (FAT) The component of an MS-DOS or Windows 95 file system which describes the files, directories, and free space on a hard disk or floppy disk. A disk is divided into partitions. Under the FAT file system each partition is divided into clusters, each of which can be one or more sectors, depending […]
- File attach
[FidoNet] 1. A file sent along with a mail message from one BBS to another. 2. Sending someone a file by using the File Attach option in a BBS mailer. [Jargon File]
noun 1. an endless steel band to which straight lengths of steel files are attached, used on a band mill or band saw.
/ˈfaɪlˌkɑːd/ noun 1. a type of brush with sharp steel bristles, used for cleaning the teeth of a file