[fin-luh nd] /ˈfɪn lənd/

Finnish Suomi. a republic in N Europe: formerly a province of the Russian Empire. 130,119 sq. mi. (337,010 sq. km).
Capital: Helsinki.
Gulf of, an arm of the Baltic, S of Finland.
a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic Sea: ceded to Russia by Sweden in 1809; gained independence in 1917; Soviet invasion successfully withstood in 1939–40, with the loss of Karelia; a member of the European Union. It is generally low-lying, with about 50 000 lakes, extensive forests, and peat bogs. Official languages: Finnish and Swedish. Religion: Christian, Lutheran majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Helsinki. Pop: 5 266 114 (2013 est). Area: 337 000 sq km (130 120 sq miles) Finnish name Suomi
Gulf of Finland, an arm of the Baltic Sea between Finland, Estonia, and Russia

Republic in northern Europe, bordered by the Gulf of Bothnia (an arm of the Baltic Sea) and Sweden to the west, Norway to the north, Russia to the east, and the Gulf of Finland (another arm of the Baltic) and the Baltic Sea to the south. Its capital and largest city is Helsinki.

Note: Despite centuries of cultural, political, and economic domination by the Russian empire and the former Soviet Union, Finland has managed to maintain an independent identity.


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  • Finlander

    [fin-luh n-der] /ˈfɪn lən dər/ noun 1. an inhabitant of , especially a native who customarily speaks Swedish.

  • Finlandia

    [fin-lan-dee-uh] /fɪnˈlæn di ə/ noun 1. symphonic poem, opus 26, composed in 1899 by Jean Sibelius.

  • Finlandization

    [fin-luh n-duh-zey-shuh n] /ˌfɪn lən dəˈzeɪ ʃən/ noun 1. the neutralization of a country in terms of its allegiance to the superpowers, in the way that the Soviet Union rendered neutral and friendly without making it a satellite state or requiring that it adopt Communism. 2. such a neutral status pursued as a deliberate act […]

  • Finlandize

    [fin-luh n-dahyz] /ˈfɪn lənˌdaɪz/ verb (used with object), Finlandized, Finlandizing. 1. to subject to Finlandization.

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