Floundering



[floun-der] /ˈflaʊn dər/

verb (used without object)
1.
to struggle with stumbling or plunging movements (usually followed by about, along, on, through, etc.):
He saw the child floundering about in the water.
2.
to struggle clumsily or helplessly:
He floundered helplessly on the first day of his new job.
/ˈflaʊndə/
verb (intransitive)
1.
to struggle; to move with difficulty, as in mud
2.
to behave awkwardly; make mistakes
noun
3.
the act of floundering
/ˈflaʊndə/
noun (pl) -der, -ders
1.
Also called fluke. a European flatfish, Platichthys flesus having a greyish-brown body covered with prickly scales: family Pleuronectidae: an important food fish
2.
(US & Canadian) any flatfish of the families Bothidae (turbot, etc) and Pleuronectidae (plaice, halibut, sand dab, etc)
v.

1590s, perhaps an alteration of founder (q.v.), influenced by Dutch flodderen “to flop about,” or native verbs in fl- expressing clumsy motion. Figurative use is from 1680s. Related: Floundered; floundering. As a noun derived from this sense, from 1867.
n.

flatfish, c.1300, from Anglo-French floundre, from Old North French flondre, from Old Norse flydhra; related to Middle Low German vlundere, Danish flynder; ultimately cognate with Greek platys “flat, wide, broad” (see plaice (n.)).

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