Gable



[gey-buh l] /ˈgeɪ bəl/

noun, Architecture.
1.
the portion of the front or side of a building enclosed by or masking the end of a pitched roof.
2.
a decorative member suggesting a gable, used especially in Gothic architecture.
3.
Also called gable wall. a wall bearing a gable.
[gey-buh l] /ˈgeɪ bəl/
noun
1.
(William) Clark, 1901–60, U.S. film actor.
/ˈɡeɪbəl/
noun
1.
the triangular upper part of a wall between the sloping ends of a pitched roof (gable roof)
2.
a triangular ornamental feature in the form of a gable, esp as used over a door or window
3.
the triangular wall on both ends of a gambrel roof
/ˈɡeɪbəl/
noun
1.
(William) Clark. 1901–60, US film actor. His films include It Happened One Night (1934), San Francisco (1936), Gone with the Wind (1939), Mogambo (1953), and The Misfits (1960)
n.

mid-14c., from Old French gable “facade, front, gable,” from Old Norse gafl “gable, gable-end” (in north of England, the word is probably directly from Norse), probably from Proto-Germanic *gablaz “top of a pitched roof” (cf. Middle Dutch ghevel, Dutch gevel, Old High German gibil, German Geibel, Gothic gibla “gable”), from PIE *ghebhel.

Cognates seem to be words meaning both “fork” (cf. Old English gafol, geafel, Old Saxon gafala, Dutch gaffel, Old High German gabala “pitchfork,” German Gabel “fork;” Old Irish gabul “forked twig”) and “head” (cf. Old High German gibilla, Old Saxon gibillia “skull”).

Possibly the primitive meaning of the words may have been ‘top’, ‘vertex’; this may have given rise to the sense of ‘gable’, and this latter to the sense of ‘fork’, a gable being originally formed by two pieces of timber crossed at the top supporting the end of the roof-tree.” [OED]

Related: Gabled; gables.

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Read Also:

  • Gabled

    [gey-buh ld] /ˈgeɪ bəld/ adjective 1. provided with a or : a gabled house. 2. built with a or .

  • Gable-end

    noun 1. an end wall bearing a gable. noun 1. the end wall of a building on the side which is topped by a gable



  • Gable-roof

    noun 1. a roof sloping downward in two parts at an angle from a central ridge, so as to leave a gable at each end.

  • Gablet

    /ˈɡeɪblɪt/ noun 1. a small gable



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