[gang-glee-uh n] /ˈgæŋ gli ən/
noun, plural ganglia
[gang-glee-uh] /ˈgæŋ gli ə/ (Show IPA), ganglions.
Pathology. a cyst or enlargement in connection with the sheath of a tendon, usually at the wrist.
a center of intellectual or industrial force, activity, etc.
noun (pl) -glia (-ɡlɪə), -glions
an encapsulated collection of nerve-cell bodies, usually located outside the brain and spinal cord
any concentration of energy, activity, or strength
a cystic tumour on a tendon sheath or joint capsule
1680s, from Greek ganglion “tumor,” used by Galen for “nerve bundle.” Of unknown origin; according to Galen, the proper sense of the word was “anything gathered into a ball.”
ganglion gan·gli·on (gāng’glē-ən)
n. pl. gan·gli·ons or gan·gli·a (-glē-ə)
A compact group of neurons enclosed by connective tissue and having a specific function. In invertebrate animals, pairs of ganglia occur at intervals along the axis of the body, with the forwardmost pair functioning like a brain. In vertebrates, ganglia are usually located outside the brain or spinal cord, where they regulate the functioning of the body’s organs and glands as part of the autonomic nervous system.
[gang-glee-uh-neyt, -nit] /ˈgæŋ gli əˌneɪt, -nɪt/ adjective 1. .
[gang-glee-uh-neyt, -nit] /ˈgæŋ gli əˌneɪt, -nɪt/ adjective 1. . ganglionated gan·gli·on·at·ed (gāng’glē-ə-nā’tĭd) adj. Having ganglia; gangliate.
- Ganglion cell
ganglion cell n. A neuron having its cell body outside the central nervous system. Also called gangliocyte.
[gang-glee-uh-nek-tuh-mee] /ˌgæŋ gli əˈnɛk tə mi/ noun, plural ganglionectomies. Surgery. 1. the excision of a . ganglionectomy gan·gli·on·ec·to·my (gāng’glē-ə-něk’tə-mē) n. Excision of a ganglion. Also called gangliectomy.