Goat



[goht] /goʊt/

noun
1.
any of numerous agile, hollow-horned ruminants of the genus Capra, of the family Bovidae, closely related to the sheep, found native in rocky and mountainous regions of the Old World, and widely distributed in domesticated varieties.
2.
any of various related animals, as the .
3.
(initial capital letter) Astronomy, Astrology. the constellation or sign Capricorn.
4.
a or victim.
5.
a licentious or lecherous man; lecher.
Idioms
6.
get one’s goat, Informal. to anger, annoy, or frustrate a person:
His arrogance gets my goat.
/ɡəʊt/
noun
1.
any sure-footed agile bovid mammal of the genus Capra, naturally inhabiting rough stony ground in Europe, Asia, and N Africa, typically having a brown-grey colouring and a beard. Domesticated varieties (C. hircus) are reared for milk, meat, and wool related adjectives caprine hircine
2.
short for Rocky Mountain goat
3.
(informal) a lecherous man
4.
a bad or inferior member of any group (esp in the phrase separate the sheep from the goats)
5.
short for scapegoat
6.
act the goat, act the giddy goat, play the goat, play the giddy goat, to fool around
7.
(slang) get someone’s goat, to cause annoyance to someone
/ɡəʊt/
noun
1.
the Goat, the constellation Capricorn, the tenth sign of the zodiac
n.

Old English gat “she-goat,” from Proto-Germanic *gaitaz (cf. Old Saxon get, Old Norse geit, Danish gjed, Middle Dutch gheet, Dutch geit, Old High German geiz, German Geiß, Gothic gaits “goat”), from PIE *ghaidos “young goat,” also “play” (cf. Latin hædus “kid”).

The word for “male goat” in Old English was bucca (see buck (n.)) until late 1300s shift to he-goat, she-goat (Nanny goat is 18c., billy goat 19c.). Meaning “licentious man” is attested from 1670s. To get (someone’s) goat is from 1910, perhaps with notion of “to steal a goat mascot from a racehorse,” or from French prendre sa chèvre “take one’s source of milk.”

noun

Related Terms

get someone’s goat, old goat

(1.) Heb. ‘ez, the she-goat (Gen. 15:9; 30:35; 31:38). This Hebrew word is also used for the he-goat (Ex. 12:5; Lev. 4:23; Num. 28:15), and to denote a kid (Gen. 38:17, 20). Hence it may be regarded as the generic name of the animal as domesticated. It literally means “strength,” and points to the superior strength of the goat as compared with the sheep. (2.) Heb. ‘attud, only in plural; rendered “rams” (Gen. 31:10,12); he-goats (Num. 7:17-88; Isa. 1:11); goats (Deut. 32:14; Ps. 50:13). They were used in sacrifice (Ps. 66:15). This word is used metaphorically for princes or chiefs in Isa. 14:9, and in Zech. 10:3 as leaders. (Comp. Jer. 50:8.) (3.) Heb. gedi, properly a kid. Its flesh was a delicacy among the Hebrews (Gen. 27:9, 14, 17; Judg. 6:19). (4.) Heb. sa’ir, meaning the “shaggy,” a hairy goat, a he-goat (2 Chr. 29:23); “a goat” (Lev. 4:24); “satyr” (Isa. 13:21); “devils” (Lev. 17:7). It is the goat of the sin-offering (Lev. 9:3, 15; 10:16). (5.) Heb. tsaphir, a he-goat of the goats (2 Chr. 29:21). In Dan. 8:5, 8 it is used as a symbol of the Macedonian empire. (6.) Heb. tayish, a “striker” or “butter,” rendered “he-goat” (Gen. 30:35; 32:14). (7.) Heb. ‘azazel (q.v.), the “scapegoat” (Lev. 16:8, 10,26). (8.) There are two Hebrew words used to denote the undomesticated goat:, _Yael_, only in plural mountain goats (1 Sam. 24:2; Job 39:1; Ps.104:18). It is derived from a word meaning “to climb.” It is the ibex, which abounded in the mountainous parts of Moab. And _’akko_, only in Deut. 14:5, the wild goat. Goats are mentioned in the New Testament in Matt. 25:32,33; Heb. 9:12,13, 19; 10:4. They represent oppressors and wicked men (Ezek. 34:17; 39:18; Matt. 25:33). Several varieties of the goat were familiar to the Hebrews. They had an important place in their rural economy on account of the milk they afforded and the excellency of the flesh of the kid. They formed an important part of pastoral wealth (Gen. 31:10, 12;32:14; 1 Sam. 25:2).

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