[goi-ter] /ˈgɔɪ tər/

noun, Pathology.
an enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front and sides of the neck, usually symptomatic of abnormal thyroid secretion, especially hypothyroidism due to a lack of iodine in the diet.
(pathol) a swelling of the thyroid gland, in some cases nearly doubling the size of the neck, usually caused by under- or overproduction of hormone by the gland

alternative spelling of goiter.

1620s, from French goître (16c.), from Rhône dialect, from Old Provençal goitron “throat, gullet,” from Vulgar Latin *gutturiosum or *gutturionem, from Latin guttur “throat” (see guttural).

goiter goi·ter (goi’tər)
A noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck, that is often associated with iodine deficiency.
goi’trous (-trəs) adj.
An enlarged thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck. It is often associated with thyroid disease, especially in areas of the world outside of North America where iodine deficiency is endemic.

Related Terms

milwaukee goiter


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  • Goitrogen

    [goi-truh-juh n, -jen] /ˈgɔɪ trə dʒən, -ˌdʒɛn/ noun 1. any goiter-producing substance, as thiouracil.

  • Goitrogenic

    [goi-truh-jen-ik] /ˌgɔɪ trəˈdʒɛn ɪk/ adjective 1. tending to produce . goitrogenic goi·tro·gen·ic (goi’trə-jěn’ĭk) adj. Causing goiter.

  • Goji

    /ˈɡəʊdʒɪ/ noun 1. another name for wolfberry

  • Go-juice

    noun 1. (informal) fuel for an engine, esp petrol

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