Gondwana



[gond-wah-nuh] /gɒndˈwɑ nə/

noun
1.
a hypothetical landmass in the Southern Hemisphere that separated toward the end of the Paleozoic Era to form South America, Africa, Antarctica, and Australia.

name of a region in north central India, from Sanskrit gondavana, from vana “forest” + Gonda, name of a Dravidian people, literally “fleshy navel, outie belly-button.” The name was extended by geologists to a series of sedimentary rocks found there (1873), then to identical rocks in other places; the fossils found in this series were used by geologists to reconstruct the ancient southern supercontinent, which therefore was called Gondwanaland (1896), from German, where it was coined by German geologist Eduard Suess (1831-1914) in 1885.

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