[hah-see-en-duh; Spanish ah-syen-dah] /ˌhɑ siˈɛn də; Spanish ɑˈsyɛn dɑ/
noun, plural haciendas
[hah-see-en-duh z; Spanish ah-syen-dahs] /ˌhɑ siˈɛn dəz; Spanish ɑˈsyɛn dɑs/ (Show IPA) (in Spanish America)
a large landed estate, especially one used for farming or ranching.
the main house on such an estate.
a stock raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country.
noun (in Spain or Spanish-speaking countries)
the main house on such a ranch or plantation
1760, from Spanish hacienda “landed estate, plantation,” earlier facienda, from Latin facienda “things to be done,” from facere “to do” (see factitious). For noun use of a Latin gerundive, cf. agenda. The owner of one is a hacendado.
The change of Latin f- to Spanish h- is characteristic; e.g. hablar from fabulari, hacer from facere, hecho from factum, hermoso from formosum. Confusion of initial h- and f- was common in 16c. Spanish; the conquistador is known in contemporary records as both Hernando and Fernando Cortés.
[hah-see-en-dah-doh, ah-see-] /ˌhɑ si ɛnˈdɑ doʊ, ˌɑ si-/ noun, plural haciendados. 1. .
[hah-see-en-duh, hah-] /ˈhɑ siˈɛn də, ˌhɑ-/ noun 1. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles.
[hak] /hæk/ verb (used with object) 1. to cut, notch, slice, chop, or sever (something) with or as with heavy, irregular blows (often followed by up or down): to hack meat; to hack down trees. 2. to break up the surface of (the ground). 3. to clear (a road, path, etc.) by cutting away vines, […]
[hak-uh-mawr, -mohr] /ˈhæk əˌmɔr, -ˌmoʊr/ noun 1. a simple looped bridle, by means of which controlling pressure is exerted on the nose of a horse, used chiefly in breaking colts. 2. Western U.S. any of several forms of halter used especially for breaking horses. /ˈhækəˌmɔː/ noun 1. (US & NZ) a rope or rawhide halter […]