Helices



[hel-uh-seez] /ˈhɛl əˌsiz/

noun
1.
a plural of .
[hee-liks] /ˈhi lɪks/
noun, plural helices
[hel-uh-seez] /ˈhɛl əˌsiz/ (Show IPA), helixes.
1.
a spiral.
2.
Geometry. the curve formed by a straight line drawn on a plane when that plane is wrapped around a cylindrical surface of any kind, especially a right circular cylinder, as the curve of a screw. Equation: x = a sinθ, y = a cosθ, z = b θ.
3.
Architecture.

4.
Anatomy. the curved fold forming most of the rim of the external ear.
5.
Biochemistry. .
[kuh-rin-thee-uh n] /kəˈrɪn θi ən/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or characteristic of Corinth.
2.
Architecture. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders invented in ancient Greece and similar in most respects to the Ionic but usually of slenderer proportions, and characterized by a deep capital with a round bell decorated with acanthus leaves and a square abacus with concave sides. The Corinthian capital has typically two distinct rows of acanthus leaves above which appear eight fluted sheaths, from each of which spring two scrolls (helices) of which one curls beneath a corner of the abacus as half of a volute and the other curls beneath the center of the abacus.
Compare (def 3), (def 3), (def 1), (def 2).
3.
ornate, as literary style.
4.
luxurious or licentious.
5.
pertaining to or designating a style of vase painting developed in Corinth, in the 7th and early 6th centuries b.c., characterized chiefly by human, animal, and ornamental motifs, painted boldly in a black figure style on a terra-cotta ground, often arranged in tiers around the vase.
noun
6.
a native or inhabitant of Corinth.
7.
a man about town, especially one who lives luxuriously or, sometimes, dissolutely.
8.
an amateur yachtsman.
9.
Manège. a horse-show class in which each contestant must be a member of a recognized hunt and wear regulation hunt livery.
Compare (def 7).
/ˈhɛlɪˌsiːz/
noun
1.
a plural of helix
/kəˈrɪnθɪən/
adjective
1.
of, characteristic of, or relating to Corinth
2.
of, denoting, or relating to one of the five classical orders of architecture: characterized by a bell-shaped capital having carved ornaments based on acanthus leaves See also Ionic, Doric, composite (sense 4), Tuscan
3.
given to luxury; dissolute
4.
ornate and elaborate
noun
5.
a native or inhabitant of Corinth
6.
an amateur sportsman
7.
(rare) a man about town, esp one who is dissolute
/ˈhiːlɪks/
noun (pl) helices (ˈhɛlɪˌsiːz), helixes
1.
a curve that lies on a cylinder or cone, at a constant angle to the line segments making up the surface; spiral
2.
a spiral shape or form
3.
the incurving fold that forms the margin of the external ear
4.
another name for volute (sense 2)
5.
any terrestrial gastropod mollusc of the genus Helix, which includes the garden snail (H. aspersa)

1650s as an architectural order, from Corinth, the ancient Greek city-state. In classical times Corinth was notorious for its luxury and licentiousness among the Greek states (and for not scorning trade and profit); hence Corinthian, noun and adjective, in various slang or colloquial sense in English, especially “a swell, a man about town” (early to mid-19c. but especially in the 1820s).
n.

“a spiral thing,” 1560s, from Latin helix “spiral,” from Greek helix (genitive helikos), related to eilein “to turn, twist, roll,” from PIE *wel-ik-, from root *wel- “to turn, revolve” (see volvox).

helix he·lix (hē’lĭks)
n. pl. he·lix·es or hel·i·ces (hěl’ĭ-sēz’, hē’lĭ-)

helix
(hē’lĭks)

Corinthian [(kuh-rin-thee-uhn)]

One of the three main styles of Greek architecture (the others are Doric and Ionic). The Corinthian column is slender and fluted; the capital incorporates sculpted leaves.
helix [(hee-liks)]

In geometry, a three-dimensional spiral shape, resembling a spring.

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