[hes-per-uh s] /ˈhɛs pər əs/
an evening star, especially Venus.
an evening star, esp Venus
late 14c., poetic for “the evening star,” from Latin Hesperus, from Greek hesperos (aster) “western (star),” from PIE *wes-pero- “evening, night” (see vesper). Hence also Hesperides (1590s), from Greek, “daughters of the West,” the nymphs (variously numbered but originally three) who tended the garden with the golden apples. Their name has been mistakenly transferred to the garden itself.
The Hesperides were daughters of Atlas, an enormous giant, who, as the ancients believed, stood upon the western confines of the earth, and supported the heavens on his shoulders. Their mother was Hesperis, a personification of the “region of the West,” where the sun continued to shine after he had set on Greece, and where, as travellers told, was an abundance of choice delicious fruits, which could only have been produced by a special divine influence. The Gardens of the Hesperides with the golden apples were believed to exist in some island in the ocean, or, as it was sometimes thought, in the islands on the north or west coast of Africa. They were far-famed in antiquity; for it was there that springs of nectar flowed by the couch of Zeus, and there that the earth displayed the rarest blessings of the gods; it was another Eden. As knowledge increased with regard to western lands, it became necessary to move this paradise farther and farther out into the Western Ocean. [Alexander Murray, “Manual of Mythology,” 1888]
[hes] /hɛs/ noun 1. Dame Myra, 1890–1965, English pianist. 2. Victor Francis, 1883–1964, U.S. physicist, born in Austria: Nobel Prize 1936. 3. Walter Rudolf, 1881–1973, Swiss physiologist: Nobel Prize in Medicine 1949. 4. (Walther Richard) Rudolf [vahl-tuh r rikh-ahrt roo-dawlf] /ˈvɑl tər ˈrɪx ɑrt ˈru dɔlf/ (Show IPA), 1894–1987, German official in the Nazi party. […]
[hes-uh for 1; hes for 2] /ˈhɛs ə for 1; hɛs for 2/ noun 1. Hermann [her-mahn] /ˈhɛr mɑn/ (Show IPA), 1877–1962, German novelist and poet: Nobel Prize 1946. 2. German Hessen [hes-uh n] /ˈhɛs ən/ (Show IPA). a state in central Germany. 8150 sq. mi. (21,110 sq. km). Capital: Wiesbaden. /hɛs/ noun 1. a […]
[hes-uh l-muh n] /ˈhɛs əl mən/ noun 1. a low-compression oil engine requiring a spark for ignition.
[hes-nas-aw] /ˈhɛsˈnæs ɔ/ noun 1. a former state in W Germany, now part of Hesse. noun 1. a former province of Prussia, now part of the state of Hesse, Germany