[hoist or, sometimes, hahyst] /hɔɪst or, sometimes, haɪst/
verb (used with object)
to raise or lift, especially by some mechanical appliance:
to hoist a flag; to hoist the mainsail.
to raise to one’s lips and drink; drink (especially beer or whiskey) with gusto:
Let’s go hoist a few beers.
Archaic. a simple past tense and past participle of .
an apparatus for hoisting, as a block and tackle, a derrick, or a crane.
act of hoisting; a lift:
Give that sofa a hoist at your end.
hoist by / with one’s own petard. (def 4).
(transitive) to raise or lift up, esp by mechanical means
hoist with one’s own petard, See petard (sense 2)
any apparatus or device for hoisting
the act of hoisting
See rotary clothesline
(nautical) the length of the luff of a fore-and-aft sail
(nautical) a group of signal flags
the inner edge of a flag next to the staff Compare fly1 (sense 25)
1540s, “to raise,” earlier hoise (c.1500), probably originally past tense of Middle English hysse (late 15c.), which is probably from Middle Dutch hyssen (Dutch hijsen) “to hoist,” related to Low German hissen and Old Norse hissa upp “raise.” A nautical word found in most European languages (e.g. French hisser, Italian issare, Spanish izar), but it is uncertain which had it first. Related: Hoisted; hoisting. In phrase hoist with one’s own petard, it is the past participle.
For ’tis the sport, to have the engineer
Hoist with his own petar: and it shall go hard
But I will delve one yard below their mines,
And blow them at the moon: O ’tis most sweet,
When in one line two crafts directly meet.
[“Hamlet,” Act III, Scene iv]
Meaning “to lift and remove” was prevalent c.1550-1750. As a noun, 1650s, from the verb.
: Crooks speak of a job of hold-up as a ”hoist”
[hoi-tee-toi-tee] /ˈhɔɪ tiˈtɔɪ ti/ adjective 1. assuming airs; pretentious; haughty. 2. giddy; flighty. noun 3. giddy behavior. /ˌhɔɪtɪˈtɔɪtɪ/ adjective 1. (informal) arrogant or haughty: we have had enough of her hoity-toity manner also hoity toity, 1660s, “riotous behavior,” from earlier highty tighty “frolicsome, flighty,” perhaps an alteration and reduplication of dialectal hoyting “acting the hoyden, […]
/ˈhɒkɑː/ noun (pl) hoka 1. (NZ) another name for red cod
[hoh-yoh] /ˈhoʊ yoʊ/ noun 1. a member of a powerful family in Japan that ruled as regents in the name of the shoguns during the period 1203–1333.
[hoh-kuh n] /ˈhoʊ kən/ noun 1. a proposed genetic grouping of American Indian languages comprising otherwise unclassified language families and isolates of California, the U.S. Southwest, and Mexico, including Yana, Pomo, Chumash, and Yuman.