Huygens



[hahy-guh nz, hoi-; Dutch hoi-gens] /ˈhaɪ gənz, ˈhɔɪ-; Dutch ˈhɔɪ gɛns/

noun
1.
Christian
[kris-chuh n;; Dutch kris-tee-ahn] /ˈkrɪs tʃən;; Dutch ˈkrɪs tiˌɑn/ (Show IPA), 1629–95, Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer.
/ˈhaɪɡənz; Dutch ˈhœixəns/
noun
1.
Christiaan (ˈkristiːˌaːn). 1629–95, Dutch physicist: first formulated the wave theory of light
Huygens
(hī’gənz, hoi’gěns)
Dutch physicist and astronomer who in 1655 discovered Saturn’s rings and its fourth satellite, using a telescope he constructed with his brother. In 1657 he built the first pendulum clock. Huygens also proposed that light consists of transverse waves that vibrate up and down perpendicular to the direction in which the light travels. This theory, which explained some properties of light better than Newton’s theory, was made public in 1690.

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