Illuminato



[ih-loo-muh-nah-tee, -ney-tahy] /ɪˌlu məˈnɑ ti, -ˈneɪ taɪ/

plural noun, singular illuminato
[ih-loo-muh-nah-toh, -ney-] /ɪˌlu məˈnɑ toʊ, -ˈneɪ-/ (Show IPA)
1.
persons possessing, or claiming to possess, superior enlightenment.
2.
(initial capital letter) a name given to different religious societies or sects because of their claim to superior enlightenment.
/ɪˌluːmɪˈnɑːtiː/
plural noun (sing) -to (-təʊ)
1.
a group of persons claiming exceptional enlightenment on some subject, esp religion
/ɪˌluːmɪˈnɑːtiː/
plural noun (sing) -to (-təʊ)
1.
any of several groups of illuminati, esp in 18th-century France
2.
a group of religious enthusiasts of 16th-century Spain who were persecuted by the Inquisition
3.
a masonic sect founded in Bavaria in 1778 claiming that the illuminating grace of Christ resided in it alone
4.
a rare name for the Rosicrucians
n.

1590s, plural of Latin illuminatus “enlightened” (in figurative sense), past participle of illuminare (see illumination). Originally applied to a 16c. Spanish sect (the Alumbrados), then to other sects; since 1797 used as a translation of German Illuminaten, name of a secret society founded 1776 in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, and holding deistic and republican principles; hence used generally of free-thinkers and sarcastically of those professing intellectual enlightenment (1816). Related: Illuminatism; illuminatist.

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  • Illuminator

    [ih-loo-muh-ney-ter] /ɪˈlu məˌneɪ tər/ noun 1. a person or thing that illuminates. 2. a device for illuminating, as a light source with a lens or mirror for concentrating light. 3. a person who paints manuscripts, books, etc., with designs in color, gold, or the like.

  • Illumine

    [ih-loo-min] /ɪˈlu mɪn/ verb (used with or without object), illumined, illumining. 1. to . /ɪˈluːmɪn/ verb 1. a literary word for illuminate v. late 14c., “to enlighten spiritually;” mid-15c., “to light up, shine light on,” from Old French illuminer, from Latin illuminare (see illumination). Related: illumined.



  • Illumined

    [ih-loo-min] /ɪˈlu mɪn/ verb (used with or without object), illumined, illumining. 1. to . /ɪˈluːmɪn/ verb 1. a literary word for illuminate v. late 14c., “to enlighten spiritually;” mid-15c., “to light up, shine light on,” from Old French illuminer, from Latin illuminare (see illumination). Related: illumined.

  • Illumines

    [ih-loo-min] /ɪˈlu mɪn/ verb (used with or without object), illumined, illumining. 1. to . /ɪˈluːmɪn/ verb 1. a literary word for illuminate v. late 14c., “to enlighten spiritually;” mid-15c., “to light up, shine light on,” from Old French illuminer, from Latin illuminare (see illumination). Related: illumined.



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