in the absence of the person involved:
He was sentenced in absentia by the court.
in the absence of (someone indicated): he was condemned in absentia
Latin, literally “in (his/her/their) absence” (see absence).
While not present, as in He was tried and convicted in absentia, or He was awarded his degree in absentia. This expression is Latin for “in absence”; its use in English dates from the late 1800s.
not in a certain place at a given time; away, missing (opposed to ): absent from class. lacking; nonexistent: Revenge is absent from his mind. not attentive; preoccupied; absent-minded: an absent look on his face. to take or keep (oneself) away: to absent oneself from a meeting. in the of; without: Absent some catastrophe, stock-market […]
so lost in thought that one does not realize what one is doing, what is happening, etc.; preoccupied to the extent of being unaware of one’s immediate surroundings. Historical Examples But how will you bear an absentminded man who, if he happens to see you, will kill you? The Man Who Was Thursday G. K. […]
in an absent-minded manner; inattentively. Contemporary Examples Oh,” said Kenney absently, “I was wondering what happened to that. Doug Kenney: The Odd Comic Genius Behind ‘Animal House’ and National Lampoon Robert Sam Anson February 28, 2014 Historical Examples Yes,” replied Ibarra absently, “we shortened the surname; it was too long. The Social Cancer Jos Rizal […]
so lost in thought that one does not realize what one is doing, what is happening, etc.; preoccupied to the extent of being unaware of one’s immediate surroundings. Historical Examples With a grave face, as she absentmindedly tossed and spread the glorious mass of her glittering hair, Harriet sat on, pondering. Harriet and the Piper […]